IITians turn to Artificial Intelligence for identifying cancer
A team of experts from IIT-Kharagpur and Tata Medical Centre, Kolkata, has devised a computer-assisted model. They say it can automatically grade breast cancer aggressiveness, even in remote settings, providing fresh impetus to Artificial Intelligence (AI)based medical technology in India. It also seeks to reduce human error in identifying breast cancer of various levels of aggressiveness to assist in distinguishing normal and low and higher risk malignant tumours. The team has tapped into deep learning, a form of AI concerned with algorithms inspired by the structure and function of the brain called artificial neural networks. The application revolves around a protein (or marker) called Ki67 which is used to calculate an index that groups cancers in the "low" or "high" aggressiveness groups. The next phase of the study is validation. The clinicians and the pathologists are going to recruit patients and the researchers will treat them depending on what the pathologists say. The results from the software will be tallied as well as from the pathologists, so the discordant rates are pretty low. Then the process will be released for clinical use.