AIIMS team dis­cov­ers Type 4 di­a­betes

BioSpectrum (India) - - SCIENCE NEWS -

Sci­en­tists at the All In­dia In­sti­tute of Med­i­cal Sciences (AIIMS) have dis­cov­ered and de­scribed a new type of di­a­betes -Type 4 Di­a­betes, which specif­i­cally af­fects the oc­u­lar (eye) and brain tis­sues.

The study, pub­lished in an in­ter­na­tional journal, talks about the un­der­stand­ing of Glau­coma, which is an eye dis­or­der. The sci­en­tists claim that dis­cov­ery of Type 4 Di­a­betes will help un­der­stand the dis­or­der and di­ag­no­sis of Glau­coma.

Ac­cord­ing to the re­search team, Di­a­betes Type 3 (Alzheimer’s dis­ease) and Di­a­betes Type 4 (Glau­coma) are re­stricted to brain and oc­u­lar tis­sues specif­i­cally and are not associated with high lev­els of blood glu­cose.

There are strik­ing sim­i­lar­i­ties in ge­netic, bio­chem­i­cal, and molec­u­lar as­pects which prove that Glau­coma is a form of brain­spe­cific di­a­betes. There might be one bil­lion peo­ple suf­fer­ing from it across the world by 2030. It is some­times even uncontrolled by medicines and re­quires mul­ti­ple surg­eries and life­long ther­a­pies.

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