New re­search sug­gests saliva test for de­tect­ing di­a­betes

BioSpectrum (India) - - WORLD NEWS -

A new study con­ducted by a team of re­searchers at the Na­tional and Kapodis­trian Univer­sity of Athens, Greece sug­gests that a sim­ple saliva test can re­place the blood sugar level test for di­a­betes as­sess­ment. The study finds that pro­teins in saliva re­flect high blood sugar and as­so­ci­ated disease pro­cesses in young pa­tients with type 1 di­a­betes, long be­fore the ap­pear­ance of clin­i­cal symp­toms. This could lead to bet­ter pre­dic­tion and preven­tion of long-term com­pli­ca­tions of the disease.

The re­searchers found that young type 1 di­a­bet­ics with good blood sugar con­trol had sim­i­lar saliva pro­tein pro­files to non­di­a­bet­ics. In con­trast, young peo­ple with poorly con­trolled type 1 di­a­betes showed a very dif­fer­ent saliva pro­tein pro­file. Re­searchers en­vi­sion that in the near fu­ture di­ag­no­sis and mon­i­tor­ing of ther­a­peu­tic strate­gies in di­a­betes will be pos­si­ble with only a drop of saliva, through ul­tra-sen­si­tive and highly spe­cific tech­niques such as the Mul­ti­ple Re­ac­tion Mon­i­tor­ing as well as real-time, non-in­va­sive, sali­vary glu­cose mon­i­tor­ing de­vices.

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