Movie buffs en­joy first day of Nitte In­ter­na­tional Film Fes­ti­val - NICO

Business Sphere - - NITTE INTL. FILM FESTIVAL - By Our Cor­re­spon­dent

Hun­dreds of cine lovers from Man­galuru and out­skirts turned up for the maiden In­ter­na­tional Film fes­ti­val (NIFF) or­gan­ised by Nitte Uni­ver­sity on Mon­day, April 24. The Nitte In­ter­na­tional Film Fes­ti­val was in­au­gu­rated at Bharath Cin­e­mas here in Man­galuru by the Na­tional award win­ning Marathi Di­rec­tor Mr Su­nil Sukhtankar. Dr M Shan­tharam Shetty, Pro Chan­cel­lor of Nitte Uni­ver­sity presided over the func­tion. The film fes­ti­val was de­clared open by the em­i­nent guests by flip­ping the ‘clap­board’ which is an im­por­tant prop­erty in ev­ery film pro­duc­tion. Ad­dress­ing the del­e­gates and the guests Mr Su­nil Sukhtankar ex­pressed that the film fes­ti­vals are the plat­forms for the film mak­ers as well as the artists to bring out their ef­forts on screen be­fore the au­di­ence and the crit­ics. “Usu­ally the au­di­ence hunt for the good movie and the film mak­ers wait for an op­por­tu­nity to show their work to the pub­lic. Film Fes­ti­vals like this serve both the pur­pose thus sat­is­fy­ing the film maker and viewer. It was through my short films I ven­tured into the craft of film mak­ing and to­day I am able to speak about the so­ci­ety or con­vey my ideas and thoughts through this ef­fec­tive medium” he opined. He also con­grat­u­lated the Nitte In­sti­tute of Com­mu­ni­ca­tion (NICO) and Nitte Uni­ver­sity in suc­cess­fully unit­ing the viewer and film maker un­der one roof. Tak­ing a pride over be­ing a res­i­dent of Man­galuru which has given birth to prom­i­nent per­son­al­i­ties, Dr M Shan­tharam Shetty said that Nitte Uni­ver­sity is proud in or­gan­is­ing its maiden In­ter­na­tional Film fes­ti­val here in Man­galuru. “Films have al­ways been a part of our mem­o­ries from mak­ing us laugh to shed­ding tears. Not just lim­it­ing it­self as a medium of en­ter­tain­ment, cin­ema has also been an ef­fec­tive medium to spread aware­ness and be a voice of the so­ci­ety. We are happy to screen award win­ning and crit­i­cally ac­claimed movies from all over the world at this film fes­ti­val” he ex­pressed. Renowned Marathi film ‘Kaasav’ di­rected by Ms. Su­mi­tra Bhave and Mr. Su­nil Suk­thankar was screened as the open­ing film. First day saw the screen­ing of Unto the Dusk (Malay­alam), The Vi­o­lin Player (Ben­gali), Vis­aranai (Tamil), Am­davad ma Fa­mous (Gu­ju­rati), Haal-e-Kan­gal and Masaan (Hindi), Quissa (Pun­jabi) and Kan­nada films in­clud­ing Zero Made in In­dia, Ken­dasampige, Harikatha Prasanga and Harivu. It also saw the screen­ing of in­ter­na­tional films such as Soegija (In­done­sia) and Red But­ter Fly (Sri Lanka). Var­i­ous na­tional award win­ning di­rec­tors and pro­duc­ers in­clud­ing Mr PN Ra­machan­dra, Ms Bi­jaya Jena, Mr Manu Chakravarthy, Mr Anand Varadaraj, Mr Sa­jin Babu, Mr Giri­dev Has­san and ac­tor Mr Shrunga were present at the venue and in­ter­acted with au­di­ence. In all, a to­tal of 55 films from five dif­fer­ent coun­tries and many na­tional award-win­ning films from In­dian lan­guages in­clud­ing Reser­va­tion, Amaraa­vati, Rail­way Chil­dren, Jatta (Kan­nada), Madipu and Sud­dha (Tulu), Kam­mati­paadam, Kaliy­achan, Anga­maly Di­aries (Malay­alam), Ven­ti­la­tor and Lathe Joshi (Marathi), Ra­man Raghav 2.0, Is­land City, Ugly (Hindi), Sanc­tu­ary, 24-Weeks and Des­tiny (in­ter­na­tional films) - all free of cost will be screened in the

up­com­ing days. Prof Ravi­raj Kini, Head of the Depart­ment wel­comed the gath­er­ing. Stu­dent Co­or­di­na­tor Mr Maithrey Desh­pande de­liv­ered vote of thanks. Ms Wilma Ser­rao, Asst Pro­fes­sor hosted the in­au­gu­ral cer­e­mony.

Health Camp / Out­reach Pro­gram - KSHEMA

The Depart­ment of Com­mu­nity Medicine or­ga­nized a Health Camp / Out­reach Pro­gram on 09-042017 at Ku­maraswamy Vidyalaya, Subrah­manya. The health camp mainly fo­cused on chil­dren who were pre­vi­ously sus­pected to have re­frac­tive er­rors and car­diac mur­murs. Gen­eral health checkup for stu­dents and teach­ing staff. A to­tal of 83 pa­tients were ex­am­ined and treated. Around 13 pa­tients(or­thopaedic- 1, oph­thal- 10, car­diac- 1, ENT- 1) were re­ferred to K S Hegde Hos­pi­tal for fur­ther man­age­ment .Dr Rashmi Kun­da­pur, Dr Kavya R, Dr Shiny, & Mr. Ravi. Dr. Pooja, Dr Rahul, (PG) and Dr Prakruthi, in­tern, Depart­ment of Oph­thal­mol­ogy, Dr Arun, post­grad­u­ate, Depart­ment of Pae­di­atrics and Dr Nazneen, post­grad­u­ate, Depart­ment of Gen­eral Medicine and Mr Suren­der Kark­era (ECHO tech­ni­cian) par­tic­i­pated.

Ply­mouth-Nitte MoU ex­change

The Uni­ver­sity of Ply­mouth and Nitte Uni­ver­sity in In­dia have en­tered a for­mal part­ner­ship to fur­ther re­search into the im­pact of cli­mate change on the marine en­vi­ron­ment and pub­lic health. The two in­sti­tu­tions are al­ready col­lab­o­rat­ing on a num­ber of ini­tia­tives, and were jointly awarded fund­ing in De­cem­ber 2016 to in­ves­ti­gate the ef­fects of South Asia’s first out­break of ciguat­era fish poi­son­ing. Now they have signed a Mem­o­ran­dum of Un­der­stand­ing which will see aca­demics and stu­dents from Ply­mouth’s School of Bi­o­log­i­cal and Marine Sciences work­ing more closely with Nitte’s Uni­ver­sity Cen­tre for Science Ed­u­ca­tion and Re­search, part of the UNESCO Mi­cro­bial Re­sources Cen­tre for Med­i­cal and Marine Biotech­nol­ogy. This will in­clude ex­plor­ing con­tin­ued joint re­search op­por­tu­ni­ties, as well as teach­ing and post­grad­u­ate study ex­pe­ri­ences that could ben­e­fit stu­dents and aca­demics at both in­sti­tu­tions. Dr Mairi Knight, Head of the School of Bi­o­log­i­cal and Marine Sciences at the Uni­ver­sity of Ply­mouth, said: “Cli­mate change is one of the ma­jor chal­lenges fac­ing our planet, and de­vel­op­ing col­lab­o­ra­tions of this na­ture is cru­cial to en­hanc­ing our un­der­stand­ing of its causes and ef­fects. We hope this part­ner­ship will en­able us to share knowl­edge and ex­pe­ri­ence, cre­at­ing out­stand­ing op­por­tu­ni­ties for stu­dents and staff at both in­sti­tu­tions. It is also an ex­cit­ing time for us to join up with a re­spected in­sti­tu­tion in one of the world’s fastest-grow­ing higher ed­u­ca­tion na­tions.” Pro­fes­sor S. Ra­mananda Shetty, Vice-Chan­cel­lor of Nitte Uni­ver­sity, added: “Ply­mouth has an out­stand­ing rep­u­ta­tion in the field of marine bi­ol­ogy and it is ex­cit­ing for us to be able to part­ner with it in this way. We be­lieve this will be a mu­tu­ally ben­e­fi­cial col­lab­o­ra­tion, so that Ply­mouth’s ex­per­tise will en­hance our ex­ist­ing work across the health­care and science sec­tors, but we also can make a pos­i­tive con­tri­bu­tion and cre­ate op­por­tu­ni­ties for re­searchers and stu­dents in the UK as well.” The Mem­o­ran­dum of Un­der­stand­ing states the col­lab­o­ra­tion will aim to pro­mote re­search lead­ing to a bet­ter sci­en­tific un­der­stand­ing of the im­pacts of global change on nat­u­ral re­sources specif­i­cally, but not lim­ited to, marine and aquatic en­vi­ron­ments. It will also ex­plore the po­ten­tial for staff and stu­dent ex­changes, with a view to broad­en­ing the ex­pe­ri­ence of fac­ul­ties and stu­dents at each uni­ver­sity and pro­vid­ing them with in­creased cul­tural un­der­stand­ing. And there will be po­ten­tial for post­doc­toral, PhD and Mas­ters stu­dents from both in­sti­tu­tions to un­der­take pe­ri­ods of study and re­search at ei­ther uni­ver­sity. Dr Lucy Turner, Lec­turer in Marine Bi­ol­ogy at the Uni­ver­sity of Ply­mouth, has been in­stru­men­tal in forg­ing the part­ner­ship and has been col­lab­o­rat­ing with Prof In­drani Karunasagar at the UNESCO Mi­cro­bial Re­sources Cen­tre for Med­i­cal and Marine Biotech­nol­ogy for sev­eral years. She said: “Our work with Nitte al­ready has grow­ing global rel­e­vance as th­ese cli­mate-in­duced changes to the ocean food­web have the po­ten­tial to im­pact ar­eas out­side of In­dia. Sim­i­larly, un­der­stand­ing the bar­ri­ers to more sus­tain­able small-scale aqua­cul­ture prac­tices – in­clud­ing to those coun­tries that de­pend on seafood as a sig­nif­i­cant pro­tein and rev­enue source – are of grow­ing im­por­tance.”

CE­RE­ALS, HAIR OIL, SOAPS TO COST LESS IN GST; CESS ON CARS

Food­grains and com­mon-use prod­ucts like hair oil, soaps and tooth­paste as also elec­tric­ity will cost less from July 1 when the GST is sched­uled to be rolled out as the all-pow­er­ful GST Coun­cil fi­nalised tax rates for bulk of the items. While the Coun­cil fit­ted all but six items in 5, 12, 18 or 28 per cent tax brack­ets, cars will at­tract the top rate as also a cess in the range of 1 to 15 per cent on top of it. Small cars will be charged 1 per cent cess on top of 28 per cent tax, mid-sized and lux­ury cars will at­tract cess of 15 per cent on top of the peak rate. Aer­ated drinks too have been put in the 28 per cent bracket along with a cess of 12 per cent, but the rates for bidis along with gold, footwear, bidi, bis­cuits and agri­cul­ture equip­ments would be de­cided later. While meat, fresh veg­eta­bles, honey, jag­gery, prasadam, kumkum, bindi, pap­pad and con­tra­cep­tives have been ex­empt from GST levy, items like pizza bread, se­vaiya, con­densed milk, frozen veg­eta­bles will at­tract 5 per cent levy, as per the items list put on CBEC web­site. The Goods and Ser­vices Tax (GST) on coal has been brought down to 5 per cent from the cur­rent tax in­ci­dence of 11.69 per cent, thereby mak­ing elec­tric­ity gen­er­a­tion cheaper. Com­mon use prod­ucts like hair oil, soaps and tooth­paste will be charged with a sin­gle na­tional sales tax or GST of 18 per cent in­stead of present 22-24 per cent tax in­ci­dence through a com­bi­na­tion of cen­tral and state gov­ern­ment levies. ACs and re­frig­er­a­tors will fall in the 28 per cent tax slab while life-sav­ing drugs have been kept at 5 per cent rate. All cap­i­tal goods and all in­dus­trial in­ter­me­di­aries would at­tract 18 per cent tax in­stead of 28 per cent. Milk and curd will con­tinue to be ex­empt from tax­a­tion when the GST re­placed cur­rent in­di­rect taxes. 'Mithai' or sweets will at­tract 5 per cent levy. Daily-use items like sugar, tea, cof­fee (bar­ring in­stant cof­fee) and edi­ble oil will at­tract the low­est tax rate of 5 per cent, al­most the same as cur­rent in­ci­dence. While frozen meat will at­tract a GST of 12 per cent, Ayurvedic or home­opa­thy medicines, agar­batti, um­brella, elec­tric ve­hi­cles and mo­bile phone man­u­fac­tur­ing will be taxed at 12 per cent. Pas­tries and cakes, pasta, ice cream and soups, in­stant food mixes, be­tel nut, vine­gar and shar­bat will at­tract a 18 per­cent tax, while the high­est tax of 28 per cent will be levied on chew­ing gum, choco­lates, cus­tard pow­der and waf­fles con­tain­ing choco­late. The GST Coun­cil, which also fi­nalised 7 set of rules for the new in­di­rect tax regime in to­day's meet­ing, will meet to­mor­row to fi­nalise tax rates on ser­vice. Two set of rules on tran­si­tion pro­vi­sion and re­turns have been re­ferred to le­gal com­mit­tee. The GST rates for all but six items were fi­nalised at the first day of the two-day meet­ing here of the GST Coun­cil, headed by Union Fi­nance Min­is­ter Arun Jait­ley and com­pris­ing state rep­re­sen­ta­tives. Prices of food­grains, es­pe­cially wheat and rice, will come down as they will be ex­empt from the GST. Cur­rently, some states levy Value Added Tax (VAT) on them. "We have fi­nalised tax rates for a ma­jor­ity of items as well as the ex­empt list (at to­day's meet­ing)," Jait­ley told re­porters here. Out of the 1,211 items, the GST rate for all but six was de­cided on the first day, he said. "Rates have been fi­nalised for the rest," he said, adding GST for pack­aged food items is to be fi­nalised later. "(With) the stan­dard rate items of 12.5 per cent and 15 per cent, plus the cas­cad­ing ef­fect of lo­cal taxes, the tax rate was go­ing up to 30-31 per cent. Th­ese 30-31 per cent taxes... have all been brought down to 28 per cent. "Of th­ese, some are items to be used by com­mon man soap, oil -- that has been brought down to 18 per cent. So there will be a sub­stan­tial re­duc­tion as far as those items are con­cerned. We have kept one cri­te­ria in mind that the over­all im­pact is not in­fla­tion, in fact it brings down the costs," Jait­ley added. Rev­enue Sec­re­tary Has­mukh Ad­hia said 7 per cent of the items fall un­der the ex­empt list while 14 per cent have been put in the low­est tax bracket of 5 per cent. An­other 17 per cent items are in 12 per cent tax bracket, 43 per cent in 18 per cent tax slab and only 19 per cent of goods fall in the top tax bracket of 28 per cent. As many as 81 per cent of the items will at­tract 18 per cent or less GST. On gold, states de­manded a 4 per cent tax even though the rate is not among the 5, 12, 18 and 28 per cent ap­proved bands. Jait­ley said there will be no in­fla­tion­ary im­pact as most of the rates which are at 31 per cent have been brought down to 28 per cent. Coal will at­tract the GST of 5 per cent as against the cur­rent tax in­ci­dence of 11.69 per cent. "Ce­re­als will be in ex­empt list. But what is to be done with pack­aged and branded food that has to be sep­a­rately de­cided. We are yet to make a de­ci­sion on that," he said. Jait­ley said the key fea­ture of to­day's rate de­ci­sion has been that "tax rate un­der GST will not go up for any of the com­modi­ties. There is no in­crease. On many com­modi­ties, there is a re­duc­tion par­tic­u­larly be­cause the cas­cad­ing ef­fect of tax is gone." "Of sev­eral com­modi­ties, we have con­sciously brought down the tax. In the over­all bas­ket there would be a re­duc­tion, but we are bank­ing on the hope that be­cause of a more ef­fi­cient sys­tem, eva­sion would be checked and tax buoy­ancy would go up. That de­spite re­duc­tion the rev­enue neu­tral­ity and tax buoy­ancy there­after would be main­tained," he added.

GST: TELE­COM, IN­SURANCE, BANK­ING, BIZ-CLASS AIR­FARE COSTLIER

Tele­phone bills, in­surance and bank­ing ser­vices, busi­ness-class air travel and sale of news­pa­per space for ad­ver­tise­ments will be­come costlier in the up­com­ing GST regime but ed­u­ca­tion and health­care will con­tinue to be ex­empt from tax. The all-pow­er­ful GST Coun­cil to­day fi­nalised tax rates for ser­vices un­der the new regime set to kick in from July 1,

ear­mark­ing an 18 per cent rate for tele­com and fi­nan­cial ser­vices, which in­clude bank­ing and in­surance, up from cur­rent 15 per cent. Though the gov­ern­ment in­sisted that tax in­ci­dence will be same as the cur­rent if tele­com com­pa­nies claim in­put tax credit, in­dus­try as­so­ci­a­tions said adding that tax as a prin­ci­pal is billed in ac­tu­als to con­sumers and any in­crease in in­ci­dence will re­sult in rise in cost to them. Brief­ing re­porters af­ter the two-day meet­ing, Fi­nance Min­is­ter Arun Jait­ley said trans­port ser­vices will be taxed at 5 per­cent lead­ing to a small drop in the econ­omy class air travel which cur­rently at­tracts 6 per cent ser­vice tax. Non-AC train travel, in­clud­ing on lo­cal trains and metro, as well as re­li­gious travel, in­clud­ing Haj ya­tra, will re­main ex­empted from GST. Five per cent rate will also ap­ply on rides from cab ag­gre­ga­tors like Ola and Uber, which cur­rently pay 6 per cent tax. AC train travel will at­tract 5 per cent ser­vice tax, same as freight levy. The GST Coun­cil fi­nalised four tax rates of 5, 12, 18 and 28 per cent for ser­vices, in­clud­ing tele­com, in­surance, ho­tels and res­tau­rants, un­der the big­gest tax re­form since the In­de­pen­dence. The rates are in line with those fi­nalised for goods. With this, rates of all items ex­cept a hand­ful, in­clud­ing gold, have been de­cided ahead of the roll out of the Goods and Ser­vices Tax (GST) regime from July 1. Space sell­ing for ad­ver­tise­ment in news­pa­pers will at­tract 5 per cent levy un­der the GST. It is ex­empted from tax cur­rently. Jait­ley said tele­com and fi­nan­cial ser­vices will be taxed at a stan­dard rate of 18 per cent. Rev­enue Sec­re­tary Hash­mukh Ad­hia in­sisted that the tax in­ci­dence on tele­com ser­vices will be un­changed at 15 per­cent af­ter the in­put credit is taken on equip­ment. But Cel­lu­lar Op­er­a­tors As­so­ci­a­tion of In­dia (COAI) Ra­jan Mathews said: "You have to dif­fer­en­ti­ate be­tween im­pact of GST on com­pa­nies and con­sumers. Com­pa­nies may or may not struc­ture their tar­iff as per pro­vi­sion of re­fund but cus­tomers will have to pay 18 per cent tax ev­ery­time bill is gen­er­ated so con­sumers will be hit un­der the GST." While the econ­omy class air travel will at­tract 5 per cent GST, the busi­ness class will be charged at 12 per cent. Jait­ley said non-AC res­tau­rants will charge 12 per cent GST on food bill. The tax rate for AC res­tau­rants and those with liquor li­cence will be 18 per cent, while 5-star ho­tels will charge 28 per cent GST. Res­tau­rants with Rs 50 lakh or be­low turnover will go un­der the 5 per cent com­po­si­tion, he said. Work con­tracts like white wash­ing will be li­able for a 12 per cent GST. En­ter­tain­ment tax will be merged with ser­vice tax un­der the GST and a com­pos­ite 28 per cent levy charged on cin­ema ser­vices as well as gam­bling and bet­ting at race course. While the rate pro­posed for cin­ema halls is lower than 40 to 55 per cent cur­rently, it may not re­sult in a re­duc­tion in tar­iffs on cin­ema tick­ets as states con­tinue to hold right to levy lo­cal charges on them. Ho­tels and lodges charg­ing per day tar­iff of Rs 1,000 will be ex­empt from the GST. The rates for ho­tels with tar­iff of Rs 1,000 to Rs 2,000 per day would be 12 per cent, while those with Rs 2,500 to Rs 5,000 would be 18 per cent. The GST for ho­tels with tar­iff above Rs 5,000 will be 28 per cent. Jait­ley said tax on gold and pre­cious met­als will be taken up at the next meet­ing of the Coun­cil on June 3. The rate on ser­vices was the main thing dis­cussed at the GST meet to­day, he said, adding that most ser­vice tax ex­emp­tions will be grand­fa­thered and will con­tinue. The net ef­fect of the GST will not be in­fla­tion­ary, he said, adding that health­care and ed­u­ca­tion ser­vices will con­tinue to be ex­empted from tax un­der the GST. E-com­merce play­ers like Flip­kart, Snapdeal will have to deduct 1 per cent TCS (tax col­lected at source) while mak­ing pay­ments to sup­pli­ers, Ad­hia said. No de­ci­sion was taken on tax rate on lot­tery. Jait­ley said July 1 will be the roll­out date for the GST. "We are in state of readi­ness." Ad­hia warned the in­dus­try of chang­ing rates be­fore the GST roll­out say­ing that un­der the anti-prof­i­teer­ing law, any en­tity can be called in to ques­tion for their ac­tions af­ter to­day. "My ad­vice to all the big in­dus­try play­ers would be that please don't do this. Let's be hon­est, let us try to pass down the ac­tual tax rate to the con­sumer and let's not try to in­crease tar­iff only be­cause of tax rate go­ing up," he said. The ma­chin­ery for anti-prof­i­teer­ing will be op­er­a­tionalised soon, he said. He said once the anti prof­i­teer­ing ma­chin­ery is set up, bal­ance sheet of com­pa­nies can be checked if any un­due profit has been taken or any tax ben­e­fit has not been passed on. "We will look only at big com­pa­nies. The de­part­ments can suo motu take ac­tion," he said. Jait­ley said, "As I said, we made sure that con­sumers don't have to pay more. The net ef­fect of goods and ser­vices is not go­ing to be in­fla­tion­ary be­cause, once the sys­tem of in­put cred­its starts the ac­tual in­ci­dence is go­ing to be pos­i­tively im­pacted." He said trans­port, cov­er­ing goods, road, air and AC rail, has been kept at 5 per cent cat­e­gory be­cause its main in­put is pe­tro­leum prod­ucts and since pe­tro­leum is out­side the GST, that pay­ing ser­vice tax will not be able to take the ben­e­fit of in­put tax credit. "The ser­vices have been split into 12 and 18 per cent and some 5 ser­vices into 28 per cent cat­e­gory," he said. Jait­ley said most of the work re­lat­ing to GST roll­out has been com­pleted and only a few things re­main. The two-day meet­ing of the all pow­er­ful GST Coun­cil, its 14th so far, has de­cided on tax rates to be levied on var­i­ous ser­vices un­der the GST regime. The GST has been billed as the big­gest tax re­form since the In­de­pen­dence and seeks to have uni­form tax­a­tion for var­i­ous goods and ser­vices across the coun­try, unit­ing it as a sin­gle mar­ket by sub­sum­ing a plethora of state and cen­tral levies.

Na­tional award win­ning Marathi, Di­rec­tor Mr. Su­nil Sukhtankar

Back row : Left to right: Prof. Richard Thomp­son, Dr. Lucy Turner, Prof. Martin Atrill, Prof. Awad­hesh Jha, Mr. John Thorpe - Dixon Front : Dr. Time O'Hare, Prof. S. Ra­mananda Shetty

Rev­enue Sec­re­tary Has­mukh Ad­hia

Arun Jait­ley, Min­is­ter of Fi­nance

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