Mon­soon Mal­adies

Business Sphere - - HEALTH - By Dr. Srikant Sharma, Physi­cian, Moolc­hand Med­c­ity

In­dia be­ing a trop­i­cal coun­try, it has va­ri­ety of sea­sons where each sea­son not only comes up with its own unique­ness but also brings with it its own set of dis­eases and health is­sues. We hu­mans have an in­her­ent mech­a­nism to main­tain a sta­ble body tem­per­a­ture by reg­u­lat­ing cer­tain meta­bolic pro­cesses. (Hence re­ferred as warm blooded crea­tures) Mon­soon usu­ally starts dur­ing July and lasts till Septem­ber. The mon­soons bring a re­lief from the scorch­ing heat of sum­mer, but it also bring var­i­ous mal­adies. Here are some com­mon dis­eases of mon­soon. Var­i­ous mos­quito borne in­fec­tions like Malaria, Dengue, Chikun­gunya are at peak. The damp­ness, and stag­nant wa­ter are breed­ing grounds for mos­qui­toes.Com­mon cold,Gas­troen­teri­tis, jaun­dice,skin rashes, Typhoid, Cholera, Lep­tospiro­sis are also com­mon.

In­fluenza (Com­mon Cold)

Com­mon cold is one of the most com­monly oc­cur­ring dis­ease. It is highly con­ta­gious dis­ease due to the spread of virus in the air which in­fects the up­per res­pi­ra­tory tract and thus af­fects the nose and the throat. Symptoms in­volve runny or stuffy nose, body ache, throat ir­ri­ta­tion and fever. Young chil­dren,el­derly, preg­nant, with co­mor­bid dis­eases and im­muno­com­pro­mised are more prone for com­pli­ca­tions to such in­fec­tions. Due to change in tem­per­a­ture, im­mu­nity of in­di­vid­ual falls and si­mul­ta­ne­ously viruses also be­come more vir­u­lent. Gen­eral du­ra­tion of a vi­ral fever lasts from 3 to 7 days, sever­ity of the fever be­ing the high­est in the first three days. In case of com­pli­cated symptoms such as vom­it­ing, loose stools, any bleed­ing or fever above 103°F should sought med­i­cal help.

Vi­ral Gas­troen­teri­tis

En­terovirus and Ro­tavirus(In chil­dren) are main causes of in­fec­tive di­ar­rhoea. There’re many re­search showed that the risk of di­ar­rhoea caused by Ro­tavirus take 27% (in de­vel­op­ing coun­tries rate is up to 50%). Vi­ral Gas­troen­teri­tis and food poi­son­ing are quite com­mon dur­ing the mon­soon sea­son, and the high hu­mid­ity helps in the growth of dis­ease­caus­ing bac­te­ria. The gen­eral symptoms of gas­troen­teri­tis are stom­ach cramps, nausea, vom­it­ing or di­ar­rhoea,fever, malaise and weak­ness .

Jaun­dice

It is a com­mon food or wa­ter­borne dis­ease. It can be a re­sult of Hep­ati­tis A and E in­fec­tion. The vis­i­ble symptoms in­clude, yel­low dis­col­oration of the skin, mu­cous mem­branes, light-coloured stools, dark-coloured urine and itchy skin.

Skin Rashes

The ac­cu­mu­la­tion of too much sweat in the clothes and con­stant rub­bing or wear­ing the wet clothes for a pro­longed pe­riod, lead to itch­ing, Skin red­ness ,fun­gal in­fec­tions, vi­ral in­fec­tions (chicken pox,her­pes); and other skin con­di­tions like acne, boils, fol­li­culi­tis and var­i­ous other skin al­ler­gies are prone in this sea­son.

Dy­sen­tery

In­flam­ma­tion of in­tes­tine pri­mar­ily the colon is termed as dy­sen­tery. The dy­sen­tery bac­te­ria (Shigella), de­vel­ops dis­eases by en­do­toxin and ex­o­toxin, which may cause headache, body ache, malaise, ab­dom­i­nal pain, rashes, and di­ar­rhoea with blood. In se­vere cases it may also lead to in­testi­nal per­fo­ra­tions, res­pi­ra­tory in­fec­tions and anaemia.

Di­ar­rhoea

Dis­eases like Cholera, is an in­fec­tious dis­ease that causes se­vere wa­tery di­ar­rhoea, lead­ing to se­vere de­hy­dra­tion and even death if un­treated. It is caused by eat­ing food or drink­ing wa­ter con­tam­i­nated with

Dr. Srikant Sharma, Se­nior Con­sul­tant Medicine, Moolc­hand Med­c­ity, La­j­pat Na­gar, New Delhi.

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