ACFI Se­cu­rity Con­fer­ence high­lights chal­lenges and com­pli­ances

In view of in­creas­ing se­cu­rity is­sues across the world, and es­pe­cially the EU de­ci­sion on im­ple­men­ta­tion of ACC3 (Air Cargo Car­rier of 3rd Coun­try), the Air Cargo Fo­rum In­dia (ACFI) re­cently or­gan­ised a na­tional con­fer­ence in New Delhi on com­pli­ances and

Cargo Talk - - Contents - RaTan KR Paul

In his wel­come ad­dress, Pradip Pan­icker main­tained that the ob­jec­tive of ACFI is to make the air cargo in­dus­try in­ter­na­tion­ally com­pet­i­tive by com­ply­ing all ex­ist­ing rule & reg­u­la­tions and cop­ing up with forth­com­ing chal­lenges. “It should be un­der­lined that in In­dia about 85 per cent cargo is car­ried by pas­sen­ger air­craft. Hence, safety and se­cu­rity of an air­craft would be the ut­most task for the air cargo sup­ply chain in­dus­try.” He how­ever, em­pha­sised on re­duc­ing of de­lay to clear a ship­ment with­out com­pro­mis­ing se­cu­rity as­pect.

There is ad­di­tional screen­ing at the last point of de­par­ture un­der the new EU ACC3, ac­cord­ing to Lat­est EU Com­mis­sion drafts pol­icy: Ex­port of own se­cu­rity regime to 3rd coun­tries in­stead of bi­lat­eral or mul­ti­lat­eral recog­ni­tion

De­liv­er­ing the theme speech, “Air Cargo Se­cu­rity— Fu­ture Out­look”; SIS

Ahmed, Di­rec­tor, GMR Group and for­mer DG, CISF and CRPF, said that the air cargo sup­ply chain se­cu­rity is­sue wit­nessed a par­a­digm shift af­ter 9/11 and sub­se­quent ter­ror­ist in­ci­dents across the world. He em­pha­sised on com­mon re­spon­si­bil­i­ties to ad­here to the ICAO and other in­ter­na­tional rules & reg­u­la­tions per­tain­ing to air cargo se­cu­rity as well as har­mon­i­sa­tion of those rules & reg­u­la­tions. “Se­cu­rity sys­tems and re­quire­ments dif­fers from coun­try to coun­try. How­ever, there is a need of a uni­fied sys­tem. The stan­dard­i­s­a­tion can be done by adopt­ing ap­pro­pri­ate tech­nol­ogy. On the other hand, any ad­di­tional mea­sures can­not be taken as bar­rier for the air cargo in­dus­try,” he ob­served. He also em­pha­sised on end-to-end se­cu­rity, rather than se­cu­rity only at air­ports.

Blasé D’Souza, Di­rec­tor Ma­te­ri­als, In­gram Mi­cro In­dia, pre­sented the user’s per­spec­tive at this con­fer­ence. Ac­cord­ing to him, of­ten ship­pers have to face de­lay and dis­com­fort ow­ing to un­to­ward in­ci­dences like theft and pil­fer­age. “In ad­di­tion, our agen­cies of­ten con­fuse se­cu­rity and cus­toms is­sues. The se­cu­rity agency should do their job with­out get­ting in­flu­enced by other agen­cies like Cus­toms,” he stressed. Though D’Souza urged for util­i­sa­tion of tech­nol­ogy to has­ten se­cu­rity clear­ance, he ap­pealed for not to bur­den air cargo by im­pos­ing ad­di­tional costs. “En­cour­age e-freight, do away with pa­per doc­u­ments and too many agen­cies to han­dle a ship­ment,” he rec­om­mended. He also rec­om­mended for a proper Risk Man­age­ment Sys­tem.

“There are lots of screen­ing and tech­nolo­gies used for pas­sen­ger/bag­gage se­cu­rity. Com­pared to th­ese there is less in­vest­ment for cargo se­cu­rity. How­ever, in In­dia we have in­tro­duced 100 per cent screen­ing (x-ray) to strengthen the se­cu­rity sys­tem. Nev­er­the­less, we will have to re­solve a num­ber of is­sues and chal­lenges,” said,

RN Dhoke, Addl. Com­mis­sioner of Se­cu­rity, BCAS. He main­tained that in In­dia, one of the key chal­lenges is to in­tro­duce Reg­u­lated Agent con­cept. He also em­pha­sised on co­or­di­na­tion be­tween the se­cu­rity agency and in­dus­try stake­hold­ers and ad­e­quate train­ing to fur­ther strengthen se­cu­rity sys­tem at the air­port level. Pre­sent­ing the air­lines per­spec­tive,

Vi­pan Jain, Head Bar In­dia Cargo (NR) and Re­gional Man­ager, South Asia and Mid­dle East, Lufthansa Cargo main­tained that the EU ACC3, which is be­ing im­ple­mented in July 1, 2014, will have huge sig­nif­i­cance for the air cargo move­ment to EU coun­tries.

“The re­cent ef­forts of the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion favour­ing EU air car­ri­ers in their dis­cus­sions with the US TSA are highly ap­pre­ci­ated. But there is still a long road ahead. Since most EU car­ri­ers op­er­ate a hub and spoke sys­tem, one stop se­cu­rity start­ing at the first point of load­ing is of para­mount im­por­tance,” Jain pointed out.

There is ad­di­tional screen­ing at the last point of de­par­ture re­quired un­der the new EU ACC3, ac­cord­ing to the Lat­est EU Com­mis­sion drafts pol­icy: Ex­port of own se­cu­rity regime to 3rd coun­tries in­stead of bi­lat­eral or mul­ti­lat­eral recog­ni­tion. As a re­sult, there will be an in­ter­rup­tion of lo­gis­tics pro­cesses. “In ad­di­tion, im­ple­men­ta­tion of 3rd coun­try RA/ KC through EU air car­ri­ers is not a fea­si­ble so­lu­tion. Val­i­da­tion of 3rd coun­try han­dling sites is an ad­di­tional re­quire­ment. The tar­get may be 3rd coun­try air car­ri­ers, but EU car­ri­ers will be also af­fected, al­though they al­ready safe­guard se­cu­rity through their Avi­a­tion Se­cu­rity Pro­grammes,” ex­plained Jain. He also main­tained that new tech­nolo­gies rec­om­mended by TSA and fol­lowed by EU for air cargo screen­ing is a chal­lenge.

Com­ment­ing on the In­dian air cargo se­cu­rity sce­nario, Jain said that BCAS’ cir­cu­lar no. 8/2008 on Com­pre­hen­sive Se­cu­rity Pro­ce­dures in re­spect of cargo, ex­press cargo, mail and courier bags is valid which al­lows four cat­e­gories of se­cu­rity mea­sures: Ac­count Cus­tomer (for freighter class cargo), Known Con­signor (orig­i­nal pro­ducer or man­u­fac­turer of goods), Reg­u­lated Agent Con­cept (ware­house op­er­a­tor at or off the air­port) and Air­lines Se­cu­rity Mea­sures.

Jain also high­lighted the chal­lenges re­lated to se­cu­rity at In­dian air­ports. Cargo comes in loose con­di­tion ( rarely on skids or in ULDs). It comes to air­port dur­ing a short du­ra­tion due to traf­fic re­stric­tions and con­sol­i­da­tion at agent premises (24/7 not in full use). Pack­ages re­quired for ex­am­i­na­tion are iden­ti­fied af­ter en­try in ex­am­i­na­tion area which it­self is a threat ( ex­cept Delhi Air­port). Other chal­lenges in­clude mul­ti­ple agen­cies per­form­ing X-ray in­spec­tions; in­suf­fi­cient se­cu­rity staff with Cat. 12 qual­i­fi­ca­tion; ware­houses not de­signed ac­cord­ing to 100% X-ray re­quire­ment; trans­porta­tion chain is not linked with cer­ti­fi­ca­tion ( open en­try for truck­ers) and var­i­ous agen­cies in­volved in truck dock, ex­am­i­na­tion & bonded area. The Con­fer­ence was also ad­dressed by

Ra­jin­der Chana, First Sec­re­tary, Avi­a­tion Depart­ment for Trans­port, Bri­tish High Com­mis­sion, New Delhi.

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