Cargo ‘alive & kick­ing’

With the open­ing of new routes, the spe­cific and unique re­quire­ment for trans­porta­tion of live an­i­mals has also in­creased. CARGO TALK finds out what hur­dles a con­sign­ment of live an­i­mals en­tails, how th­ese can be over­come and more.

Cargo Talk - - Front Page - KALPANA LOHUMI

Few peo­ple un­der­stand the large lo­gis­tics ex­er­cise in­volved in trans­port­ing an­i­mals. Lo­gis­tics fra­ter­nity, how­ever, knows that trans­port­ing an­i­mals needs a strat­egy and knowl­edge nec­es­sary to make the trans­porta­tion safe and hu­mane. In In­dia, live an­i­mals are trans­ported by via modes, ie air, rail and road. Over the last 15 years in the coun­try, Live An­i­mal lo­gis­tics tech­nol­ogy has ad­vanced dra­mati- cally. Man­preet Singh Dahri, Manager - Sales and Busi­ness Devel­op­ment, Na­maste Avi­a­tion, said, “To­day, the in­dus­try has no prob­lem bring­ing Live An­i­mals to a ware­house and de­liv­er­ing it within 24 hours. Ex­port of hatch­ing eggs and day-old chicks has in­creased for all parts of world out of In­dia. Ma­jor move­ments out of In­dia are for Gulf coun­tries, African coun­tries, Nepal and some of Fareast des­ti­na­tions.” He said in­creased in­land air trans­port has helped to connect live an­i­mals ship­ment from dif­fer­ent coun­tries and opened new routes for live an­i­mal lo­gis­tics out of In­dia. “In­dia is slow­ing mov­ing to­wards the top tier of live an­i­mal lo­gis­tics-friendly na­tions glob­ally with more air­ports and air freight sta­tions in hin­ter­lands,” he said.

The In­ter­na­tional Air Trans­port As­so­ci­a­tion (IATA) has spec­i­fied global stan­dards for trans­porta­tion of live an­i­mals by air. The IATA Live An­i­mals Reg­u­la­tions (LAR) is an es­sen­tial guide in trans­port­ing an­i­mals by air in a safe, hu­mane and cost-ef­fec­tive man­ner. Whether you are a ship­per, a freight for­warder, an air­line, or an an­i­mal care pro­fes­sional, the LAR is a must for trans­port­ing an­i­mals hu­manely and in com­pli­ance with air­line reg­u­la­tions and an­i­mal wel­fare stan­dards.

What LAR en­tails:

Up-to-date air­line and gov­ern­ment re­quire­ments per­tain­ing to the trans­port of live an­i­mals

Re­quire­ments re­lated to han­dling, mark­ing and la­bel­ing

In­for­ma­tion about the nec­es­sary doc­u­men­ta­tion needed when trans­port­ing live an­i­mals

A com­pre­hen­sive clas­si­fi­ca­tion of an­i­mal species along with the con­tainer spec­i­fi­ca­tions re­quired for their trans­port

Guide­lines for the non-air trans­port of live an­i­mals and plants

A ma­jor chal­lenge is cor­rect doc­u­men­ta­tion re­lated to var­i­ous coun­try reg­u­la­tions Air trans­porta­tion of live an­i­mals is gov­erned by IATA's Live An­i­mal Reg­u­la­tions

Contd. from page 1

Talk­ing about the re­quire­ments for trans­porta­tion of live an­i­mals,

Pradeep Pan­icker, Chief Com­mer­cial Of­fi­cer – AERO, Delhi In­ter­na­tional Air­port (P) Limited, said, “Air trans­porta­tion of live an­i­mal is more or­gan­ised and is gov­erned by IATA’s Live An­i­mal Reg­u­la­tions, un­der pro­viso of which air­lines book, han­dle and up­lift. The an­i­mals can be car­ried ei­ther through pas­sen­ger ter­mi­nal on pay­ment of ap­pli­ca­ble charges or they can be booked in cargo ter­mi­nal.” “Few air­lines even al­low speci- fied type of pets in the pas­sen­ger cabin. Cargo ter­mi­nals at the air­port gen­er­ally have ded­i­cated area for han­dling of the live an­i­mals,” he added.

Talk­ing about the cur­rent sce­nario of live an­i­mals lo­gis­tics in­dus­try in In­dia, Vi­pan Jain, Re­gional manager – Lo­gis­tics, South Asia & Mid­dle East, Lufthansa Cargo, said, ‘The live an­i­mal in­dus­try in In­dia is still quite limited. The busi­ness is more re­lated to ex­pi­ates mov­ing with their fam­i­lies in In­dia and get­ting with them their pets such as cats and dogs. Hence, there is a mi­nor in­crease of pet move­ment in the re­cent years.” Cor­re­spond­ing to this in­crease, Jain said, “There is also an in­crease of pro­fes­sional touch and spe­cialised peo­ple in this sec­tor who are spread­ing the aware­ness on pet re­lo­ca­tion.”

The IGI Air­port has re­cently opened a helpdesk to en­sure a friendly jour­ney for pets, tak­ing care of for­mal­i­ties in­clud­ing quar­an­tine, pass­port, Cus­tom clear­ance, travel (do­mes­tic and in­ter­na­tional), flight book­ing, pick, drop, in­spec­tion and con­sul­ta­tion. The Help Desk also pro­vides phys­i­cal han­dling of the pet dur­ing check-in at air­line counter and fa­cil­i­tates se­cu­rity.

Direc­tor (PetFly) Vet­eri­nar­ian & In­ter­na­tional Pet Travel Ex­pert, said, “Now a day’s pet own­ers are con­cerned about their pet's well be­ing and safety dur­ing the travel. Thus, the in­dus­try is still learn­ing and evolv­ing with lat­est trends and equip­ments for pet's safety and com­fort.”

“Peo­ple mov­ing back to In­dia on trans­fer of res­i­dence are en­ti­tled to get a max­i­mum of two pets,” Jain said.

Chal­lenges ahead

De­spite var­i­ous de­vel­op­ments with re­gard to an­i­mal trans­porta­tion, there are sev­eral chal­lenges yet to be ad­dressed. Only six air­ports in In­dia have an­i­mal quar­an­tine fa­cil­ity and can han­dle com­plete im­ports as well as ex­ports of pets. At some air­ports like CCU, live cargo move­ments are mostly con­strained up to live crabs to Far East and on very few in­stances, live pets are han­dled for both im­port and ex­ports.

Anand Yed­ery, Re­gional Cargo Manager – South Asia, Mid­dle East & Africa, Cathay Pa­cific Air­ways said, “The in­fra­struc­ture at some air­ports or cargo ter­mi­nals is a chal­lenge.”

“A ma­jor chal­lenge is cor­rect doc­u­men­ta­tion re­lated to var­i­ous coun­try reg­u­la­tions per­tain­ing to health checks and the nec­es­sary ap­provals from the gov­ern­ment or des­ig­nated vet­eri­nar­ian be­fore the com­mence­ment of the jour­ney,” Jain said, adding, “The ship­per must check for the re­quire­ment be­fore send­ing their an­i­mals to and from other coun­tries.”

When asked about chal­lenges you face while trans­port­ing live an­i­mals, Choud­hary said, “Pet friendly cabs are dif­fi­cult to find and air­port staff is also not pet friendly. Fa­cil­i­ties for pets are still lack­ing by far at the in­ter­na­tional and do­mes­tic air­ports in com­par­i­son to west­ern coun­tries.”

What is re­quired to make an­i­mal lo­gis­tics eas­ier?

Ac­cord­ing to Pan­icker, the pet has to be car­ried in ken­nel of ap­pro­pri­ate size and strength hav­ing ar­range­ments of food and wa­ter and proper lock­ing ar­range­ments to pre­vent its es­cape. Han­dling and car­riage un­der proper am­bi­ent tem­per­a­ture as well as oxy­gen sup­ply should not be ig­nored at any cost. “Dur­ing air car­riage, a pet may face longer du­ra­tion of air travel with in­ter­ven­ing tran­sit halt at an air­port too. The con­cerned air­line should take care of its all needs such as walk­ing, fresh­en­ing, re­fill­ing of food and wa­ter bowls and also med­i­cal needs, if re­quired,” he said. Choud­hary listed the­fol­low­ing points that should be con­sid­ered be­fore re­lo­cat­ing an­i­mals to do­mes­tic and for­eign cities: • Ut­most safety and com­fort • Cre­at­ing aware­ness about travel of pets, which is now be­com­ing a gen­eral trend In­form­ing pet own­ers about the rules and reg­u­la­tions to be

Growth fac­tors

How­ever, there are sev­eral fac­tors that can drive growth in this sec­tor. The trans­porta­tion has be­come more user friendly with few com­pa­nies pro­vid­ing ex­clu­sive fa­cil­i­ties to trans­port pets. Ac­cord­ing to Jain, mod­ern in­fra­struc­ture, sep­a­rate an­i­mal clear­ance ter­mi­nal or lounge, more trained pro­fes­sion­als in in­dus­try and more trans­parency and elec­tronic mode of var­i­ous per­mis­sions will fa­cil­i­tate the cus­tomers and drive growth in this sec­tor.

“Growth in this sec­tor can­not be cre­ated how­ever a com­bi­na­tion of sim­pli­fied process, bet­ter fa­cil­ity and events like the Derby, dog shows, etc can drive fur­ther growth in this sec­tor,” Ye­drey said.

“Estab­lish­ment of proper care and han­dling fa­cil­i­ties at the air­port for de­part­ing, ar­riv­ing and tran­sit­ing an­i­mals and sim­pler reg­u­la­tory clear­ances can al­soadd to the growth,” Pan­icker added.

Vi­pan Jain Re­gional manager – Lo­gis­tics, South Asia & Mid­dle East, Lufthansa Cargo

Pradeep Pan­icker Chief Com­mer­cial Of­fi­cer – AERO Delhi In­ter­na­tional Air­port (P) Limited

Direc­tor, (PetFly) Vet­eri­nar­ian & In­ter­na­tional Pet Travel Ex­pert

Dr S K Choud­hary

Manager, Sales and Busi­ness Devel­op­ment, Na­maste Avi­a­tion

Man­preet Singh Dahri

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