Novel membranes for filtration of copper in wastewater
Astudy was carried out to design novel, environmentally friendly membranes by in situ and ex situ routes based on bacterial cellulose (BC) as a template for the chitosan (Ch) as functional entity for the elimination of copper in wastewaters. Two routes led to bio-nanocomposites with different aspects and physico-chemical properties. The mechanical behaviour in wet state, strongly related to crystallinity and water holding capacity, resulted to be very different depending on the preparation route although the Ch content was very similar: 35 and 37 wt% for the in situ and ex situ membranes, respectively. The morphological characterization suggested a better incorporation of the Ch into BC matrix through the in situ route. The copper removal capacity of these membranes was analyzed and in situ prepared membrane showed the highest values, about 50%, for initial concentrations of 50 and 250 mg L− 1. Moreover, the reusability of the membranes was assessed.
This is the first time that the whole 3D nano-network BC membrane is used to provide physical integrity for chitosan to develop eco-friendly membranes with potential applications in heavy metal removal.