THIS IS IT
Cable TV Digitization
FAQs and More
Once upon a time, for many of us life was easy—easier. There weren’t many cars on the road, there weren’t many devices to understand, there wasn’t much need to earn a lot, and just two forms of cricket and one TV channel connected all of us. Then, one day, the country supposedly opened up to certain industries and the bombardment of media houses of the world began, doing their job of informing, entertaining, educating, influencing. And disconnected all of us. What’s the story here?
It began in 1991; the Indian government liberalized the broadcasting industry, opening it up to cable television. This led to an explosion in the Indian cable TV industry and saw the entry of many foreign players including biggies like Rupert Murdoch's Star TV Network, MTV and others.
Exactly a decade later, in 2001, when cable was reaching almost every television in the country, conditional access system (CAS), a digital mode of transmitting TV channels through a set-top box (STB), was introduced. In CAS, the transmission signals are encrypted and viewers need to buy a settop box to receive and decrypt the signal on to the television set.
The idea of CAS was mooted due to a furore over charge hikes by channels and subsequently by cable operators. Poor reception of certain channels; arbitrary pricing and increase in prices; bundling of channels; poor service delivery by cable television operators (CTOs); monopolies in each area; and lack of regulatory framework and redress avenues were some of the issues that were to be addressed by implementation of CAS.