Key Find­ings

Consumer Voice - - Report -

com­pared with 31 brands in 2013.

lev­els above 10,000 ppm in 2015, com­pared to 27 brands (61 per cent of the brands) in 2013.

in­ter­na­tional mar­ket. in the 2013 study. – A to­tal 36 out of 39 white paints (92 per cent) con­tained lead lev­els above 90 ppm, com­pared to 39 (100 per cent) of the paints in 2013. All three dark-coloured paints (mint green and ox blue) had lead lev­els above 90 ppm in both 2015 and 2013 stud­ies. – Av­er­age lead con­cen­tra­tion in yel­low paints has in­creased in 2015, in­di­cat­ing the use of lead­con­tain­ing raw ma­te­ri­als. In white colour the lead con­cen­tra­tion has de­creased in 2015, in­di­cat­ing use of lead-free drier. – Only five brands pro­duced by SMEs were found to con­tain lead lev­els less than 90 ppm.

– the age group most easily harmed by ex­po­sure to lead.

While lead ex­po­sure is also harm­ful to adults, lead ex­po­sure harms chil­dren at much lower lev­els, and the health ef­fects are gen­er­ally ir­re­versible and can have a life­long im­pact. The younger the child, the more harm­ful lead can be, and chil­dren with nu­tri­tional de­fi­cien­cies ab­sorb ingested lead at an in­creased rate.

In re­cent years, med­i­cal re­searchers have been doc­u­ment­ing sig­nif­i­cant health im­pacts on chil­dren from lower and lower lev­els of lead ex­po­sure. Ac­cord­ing to WHO, there is no known safe level of ex­po­sure to lead. When a young child is ex­posed to lead, the harm to their ner­vous sys­tem makes it more likely that the child will have dif­fi­cul­ties in school and en­gage in im­pul­sive and vi­o­lent be­hav­iour. Lead ex­po­sure in young chil­dren is also linked to in­creased rates of hy­per­ac­tiv­ity, inat­ten­tive­ness, fail­ure to grad­u­ate from high school, con­duct dis­or­der, ju­ve­nile delin­quency, drug use, and in­car­cer­a­tion. Lead-ex­po­sure im­pacts on chil­dren con­tinue through­out life and have a longterm im­pact on a child’s work per­for­mance.

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