For­ti­fi­ca­tion in In­dia

Consumer Voice - - Project In Focus -

In In­dia, for­ti­fi­ca­tion of salt with io­dine (gen­er­ally called iodiza­tion of salt) and for­ti­fi­ca­tion of Vanas­pati (hy­dro­genated fats) with vi­ta­min A is manda­tory.

The Na­tional Anaemia Con­trol Pro­gram (started in 1970) dis­trib­utes iron tablets to chil­dren, preg­nant and lac­tat­ing women, and the Na­tional Vi­ta­min A Pro­phy­laxis Pro­gramme (started in 1971) pro­vides

two mega doses of vi­ta­min A to chil­dren 9–60 months an­nu­ally. As per NFHS-3, the cov­er­age un­der th­ese pro­grammes is very low. Anaemia con­tin­ues to threaten the life and well­be­ing of a large num­ber of the pop­u­la­tion, and vi­ta­min A de­fi­ciency re­mains a pub­lic health prob­lem.

Hence, pro­vi­sion­ing of small amounts of mi­cronu­tri­ents through for­ti­fi­ca­tion of mul­ti­ple foods that are con­sumed by var­i­ous pop­u­la­tion groups and are ei­ther dis­trib­uted through pub­lic funded pro­grammes like pub­lic dis­tri­bu­tion sys­tem (PDS), In­te­grated Child De­vel­op­ment Ser­vices (ICDS), and Mid­day Meal (MDM) scheme, and/or sold through the open mar­ket com­mer­cial chan­nels of­fers an op­por­tu­nity to pro­vide mi­cronu­tri­ents on a sus­tained ba­sis.

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