FOR PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS
Dietary fibre | Protein | Fat | Total sugar | Carbohydrate | Acid-insoluble ash | Acidity of extracted fat | Moisture Dietary fibre
Dietary fibre can generally be described as that portion of food that is not digested in the human small intestine. It passes into the large intestine where it is partially or fully fermented.
The dietary fibre measured was between 3.03 mg/100 gm and 4.03 mg/100 gm. Higher values of dietary fibre were assigned higher scores.
Bonn scored the highest in this parameter.
A high-fibre diet offers many health benefits, which include:
Normalising bowel movements
Maintaining bowel health
Lowering of cholesterol levels
Helping control blood sugar levels
Aiding in achieving healthy weight
Protein is an essential nutrient. It plays an important role in the cellular maintenance, growth, and functioning of the human body. It should be higher in biscuits.
The lowest amount of protein was found in Parle (7.17 per cent) and the highest in Anmol (8.83 per cent). Difference between measured and declared values was highest in Divss (21.61 per cent), followed by Parle (11.48 per cent).
The fat measured was lower than the declared values in nine brands, Cremica being the exception.
Divss was found to have the lowest fat.
Sugar is added to biscuits to enhance their taste. Most of the biscuits are semi-sweet and they contain moderate amounts of sugar. The Indian Standard does not have any requirement for sugar in biscuits since these are produced in a wide variety.
The lowest sugar was found in Anmol (12.04 gm/100 gm) and Priyagold (13.27 gm/100 gm); the highest was in Bonn (19.85 gm/100 gm).
The sugar content in Patanjali was found to be more than the declared value.
Carbohydrate is a source of energy. However, considering the wide variety of biscuits produced, Indian Standard has not defined any requirement for carbohydrate.
Carbohydrate was found in the range of 79.84 gm/100 gm to 85.44 gm/100 gm. All the results were above the declared values.
Cremica scored highest in this parameter, followed by Anmol and Priyagold.
Calorific value is the amount of calories that our body obtains from food. The Indian Standard has not specified any requirement in this regard.
The energy values measured were between 428.45 kcal/100 gm and 458.60 kcal/100 gm. The measured values were nearer to the declared values except in the case of Cremica.
Acid-insoluble ash indicates the presence of sand, dirt, and dust. Acid-insoluble ash content in biscuits shall not be more than 0.05 per cent as per Indian Standard and not more than 0.1 per cent as per Food Safety & Standards Rules.
All tested brands were within the permissible limit.
Britannia and Priyagold scored highest in this parameter.
Acidity of extracted fat
The acidity of extracted fat indicates whether the quality of fat used is good and shall not be more than 1.2 per cent as per Indian Standard and 1.5 per cent as per FSSAI.
All tested brands were within the prescribed limit.
Patanjali scored highest in this parameter and was followed by McVitie’s, Priyagold, and Sunfeast.
As per the Indian Standard, moisture in biscuit shall not be more than 5.0 per cent.
All the brands were within the permissible limit, with the moisture percentage ranging between 1.49 per cent and 2.73 per cent.
McVitie’s had the least moisture (1.49 per cent) and Anmol had the most moisture (2.73 per cent).