Fol­low-up For­mula and Pro­pri­etary Foods

(Baby Milk Pow­ders) Seven brands bought, tested, com­pared, and graded

Consumer Voice - - The Surveillance Series -

“Ifa­multi­na­tion­al­com­pa­ny­de­vel­ope­dapro­duct­that­wasanu­tri­tion­ally­bal­ancedand­de­li­cious food,dou­bledu­pa­sawon­der­drugth­at­both­pre­ventedandtreated­dis­ease,costal­most­noth­ing topro­duce,and­couldbe­de­liv­ered­in­quan­ti­ti­escon­trolled­bythe­con­sumers’needs ,thev­ery an­nounce­mentoftheirfind­would­sendtheir­sha­ressky­rock­et­ing­to­thetopofthe­stock­mar­ket.The sci­en­tistswhode­vel­ope­dthe­p­ro­duct­would­win­prize­sandthewealthand­in­flu­ence­ofevery­one in­volved­would­in­crease­dra­mat­i­cally.Women­have­been­pro­duc­ing­suchamirac­u­lous­sub­stance, breast­milk,sincethe­be­gin­ningofhu­manex­is­tence."~GabriellePalmer,ThePol­i­tic­sofBreast­feed­ing

As per World Health Or­ga­ni­za­tion (WHO), com­ple­men­tary foods should be added to the diet of a child only when breast milk is no longer enough to meet the child’s nu­tri­tional needs. The tran­si­tion from ex­clu­sive breast­feed­ing to fam­ily foods, re­ferred to as ‘com­ple­men­tary feed­ing’, typ­i­cally cov­ers the pe­riod from 6 months to 18–24 months of age.

An­other fact is that com­ple­men­tary foods are also be­ing used as the wean­ing diet for in­fants af­ter six months, or even ear­lier in some cases. Not sur­pris­ingly, fol­low- up for­mula milk or baby food pow­der com­pa­nies are do­ing brisk busi­ness across the

world. Baby-food packs sell like toi­letries and it seems that nowa­days ev­ery house with a child manda­to­rily or­ders di­a­pers and ‘baby foods’.

Team Con­sumer Voice listed out seven brands of fol­low-up for­mula milk in­clud­ing two pro­pri­etary foods that are com­monly bought across the coun­try and found out ev­ery­thing about them that a con­sumer needs to know.

The Stan­dard

The In­dian Stan­dard IS 15757: 2007 has been for­mu­lated on such com­ple­men­tary foods. The stan­dard is to en­sure that the com­po­si­tion of the prod­uct is such that it is nu­tri­tion­ally ad­e­quate to con­trib­ute to nor­mal growth and de­vel­op­ment of in­fants at the wean­ing stage af­ter the age of six months and up to the age of two years.

The prod­uct comes un­der BIS manda­tory cer­ti­fi­ca­tion scheme, which means that no prod­uct

The Re­port

Pack­ag­ing

The com­ple­men­tary food should be packed in a clean, her­met­i­cally sealed metal con­tainer (IS 11078) or in a flex­i­ble pack so as to pro­tect them from de­te­ri­o­ra­tion. In case plas­tic ma­te­rial is used for flex­i­ble pack­ag­ing, only food-grade plas­tic shall be used (IS 10171). The prod­uct has to be packed in ni­tro­gen or a mix­ture of ni­tro­gen and car­bon diox­ide. The prod­uct shall be packed in quan­ti­ties as stip­u­lated un­der Le­gal Metrol­ogy (Pack­aged Com­modi­ties) Rules. All brands were packed as per the le­gal re­quire­ments.

Mark­ing

The fol­low­ing de­tails are nec­es­sary on each pack­age: a) Name of the ma­te­rial and trade­mark, if any b) Name and ad­dress of man­u­fac­turer c) Batch or code num­ber d) Net weight in grams e) Date of man­u­fac­ture f) List of in­gre­di­ents g) Nu­tri­tional claims h) Per­mit­ted ad­di­tives

i) Max­i­mum retail price (MRP)

j) Use be­fore/Ex­piry date

k) Statu­tory dec­la­ra­tion

l) ISI mark and ‘green dot’ mark­ing for veg­e­tar­ian sta­tus

m) Feed chart and di­rec­tion for use and stor­age nec­es­sary ISI mark­ing.

How­ever, sev­eral of their claims turned out to be dif­fer­ent from the test re­sults. Some of th­ese find­ings are dis­cussed here.

To­tal fat

The brands were tested to see how much the fat (in grams) was per 100 grams. As per In­dian Stan­dard and FSSAI, the fat should manda­to­rily be a min­i­mum 18 per cent and a max­i­mum 27 per cent by mass. the de­clared val­ues on the pack­ets and the val­ues found in our test re­sults, there was noth­ing to be alarmed about as the val­ues ob­tained were within per­mis­si­ble lim­its. At 24.4 per cent, the high­est fat was found in Pe­dia Sure, fol­lowed by Lac­to­gen at 19.36 per cent.

To­tal milk pro­tein

As per In­dian Stan­dard and FSSAI, the pro­tein should be a min­i­mum 13.5 per cent and a max­i­mum 24.75 per cent by mass. de­clared val­ues on the pack­ets and the val­ues given by the ac­tual test re­sults. Again, there was noth­ing to be alarmed about as the val­ues ob­tained were within per­mis­si­ble lim­its. per cent in Dex­o­lac, and the low­est at 14.35 per cent in Lac­to­gen.

En­ergy value

When pre­pared with the in­struc­tions for use, 100 millil­itres of the ready-for-con­sump­tion prod­uct should pro­vide not less than 60 kilo calo­ries and not more than 85 kilo calo­ries. value was found in En­sure (pro­pri­etary food), while the low­est con­tent of the same was ob­served in Dex­o­lac.

Car­bo­hy­drates

As per In­dian Stan­dard, the prod­uct shall con­tain nu­tri­tion­ally avail­able car­bo­hy­drates suit­able for the feed­ing of the older in­fant and young child in such quan­ti­ties as to ad­just the prod­uct to the en­ergy den­sity. max­i­mum car­bo­hy­drate con­tent at 65.86 per cent was found in En­sure, and the low­est at 54.94 per cent was in Pe­dia Sure.

Unit Price

The ac­com­pa­ny­ing ta­ble gives a fair idea about the cheap­est and costli­est brands. Con­sid­er­ing the unit price per 100 grams, Dex­o­lac is the cheap­est brand and Pe­dia Sure is the costli­est, fol­lowed by En­sure and Sim­i­lac.

BRANDS TESTED

can sell with­out ob­tain­ing a BIS cer­tifi­cate.The cer­tifi­cate is given af­ter thor­ough test­ing of the prod­uct. It may be noted that En­sure and Pe­di­a­Sure are pro­pri­etary foods and hence ex­empted from manda­tory re­quire­ment.

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