Fat and oils are a major ingredient of fat spread. As per Food Safety and Standards Regulations, fat in fat spread should not be less than 40 per cent by weight and also be not more than 80 per cent.
The acid value is a common parameter in the specification of fats and oils and it is a measure of the free fatty acids (FFA) present in the fat or oil. FFAs are a source of flavours and aromas. These flavors and aromas are considered to be a defect in oils and fats.
As per FSS Regulations, in fat spread the acid value of extracted fat should not be more than 0.5. So, lower is better for consumers.
Vitamin A plays an important role in healthy bone growth, supports the immune system, and is essential for reproduction. It also supports skin health and is critical for good vision. As per FSS Regulations, fortification of fat spread with Vitamin A is mandatory.
All the four brands have claimed on the label that they added 900 micro grams of Vitamin A in 100 grams of fat spread.