THE SURVEILLANCE SERIES
Fat Spread How much fat is allowed?
To begin with, the main difference between fat spread and butter is that the latter is a fatty product derived exclusively from the milk of cow and/or buffalo in the form of an emulsion (an emulsion is a mixture of two liquids that would not normally mix) of the type ‘water in oil’. Further, milk fat in butter shall not be less than 80 per cent by weight. Fat spread means a product in the form of water in oil/fat emulsion. It may or may not contain milk fat; fat shall not be more than 80 per cent and not less than 40 per cent by weight. As per Food Safety and Standards (FSS) Regulations, both butter and fat spread should not contain animal body fats. Be that as it may, what is common to butter and fat spread is that they are concentrated sources of fat and calories. While one does not have to eliminate either from their diet, moderation in consumption is advisable. The following report covers four popular brands of fat spread and assesses these on parameters that are expected to help consumers make an informed choice.
The tests were carried out in an NABL-accredited laboratory. It may be noted that of the four brands, one, Amul Lite, was mixed fat spread; the others – Delicious, Nutralite and Nutrela – were vegetable fat spread. All brands carried the AGMARK logo.