TEST RESULTS FOR PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS
Milk Fat | Vitamin A | Peroxide Value | Moisture | Free Fatty Acid as Oleic Acid | Phytosterol Acetate Test | Presence of Animal Fats | RM Value | BR Reading | Energy Value | Baudouin Test | Phenol phthalein Test | Polenske Value | Coliform | Vitamin E | Cholesterol | Saturated Fat | Trans Fatty Acids | PUFA | MUFA Milk Fat
Fat is an essential part of any balanced diet, providing essential fatty acids, fat-soluble vitamins and a concentrated source of energy. The minimum requirement for milk fat in ghee is 99.5 per cent.
• All the brands fulfilled the minimum requirement
for milk fat content.
• Among cow ghee brands, Patanjali (99.94 per cent) had the highest amount of milk fat; among desi ghee brands, it was Nestle Milkmaid (99.94 per cent).
For vitamin A, the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for adults is 600 milligrams daily. As for our tests, we checked the samples for total of vitamin A, which included vitamin A detected and vitamin A converted from beta carotene. • Vitamin A was highest in Gowardhan cow ghee and lowest in Madhusudan desi ghee. • Vitamin A from beta carotene was found to be higher in cow ghee than in desi ghee.
This parameter is an indicator of rancidity in the product. Peroxide value in ghee shall be a maximum 0.6. • Peroxide value was below the specified limit in all the brands. Thus they all passed the test.
Moisture generally refers to the presence of water in a product. Less amount of moisture is better as it translates into a longer shelf life. As per FSS