Vi­ta­min A and Beta-Carotene

Consumer Voice - - Ghee/Comparative test -

Beta-carotene is a yel­low/or­ange pig­ment found mostly in fruits and veg­eta­bles, es­pe­cially car­rot, mango, pa­paya, or­ange, apri­cot, melon, tomato, pump­kin and spinach. For beta carotene, the rec­om­mended di­etary al­lowance (RDA) for an adult is 4,800 mil­ligrams/day. The hu­man body con­verts beta-carotene into vi­ta­min A (retinol) – beta-carotene is a pre­cur­sor of vi­ta­min A. Here are some of the key health ben­e­fits of vi­ta­min A: • It is crit­i­cal for good vi­sion. • It plays an im­por­tant role in healthy bone growth. • It is es­sen­tial for re­pro­duc­tion. • It plays a role in cell divi­sion and cell growth. • It sup­ports the im­mune sys­tem. • It sup­ports skin health. Reg­u­la­tions, mois­ture con­tent in ghee shall not be more than 0.5 per cent; as per Ag­mark, it shall not be more than 0.3 per cent. • Mois­ture con­tent in all the brands was less than

0.3 per cent. • Among the cow ghee brands, the low­est mois­ture con­tent was in Patan­jali (0.06 per cent), fol­lowed by Mother Dairy (0.07 per cent). Among the desi ghee brands, Nes­tle Milk­maid (0.06 per cent) had the low­est mois­ture con­tent. Free Fatty Acid (FFA) as Oleic Acid (% by mass) FFA is the per­cent­age by weight of free acid groups in the oil or fat. Free fatty acids are an in­di­ca­tion of hy­drolytic ran­cid­ity, though other lipid ox­i­da­tion pro­cesses can also pro­duce acids. Free fatty acids shall be a max­i­mum three per cent. • All brands were within the spec­i­fied limit. En­ergy Value En­ergy value is the amount of calo­ries which our body ob­tains from food. En­ergy value is ex­pected to be higher in ghee. • Among the tested brands, en­ergy value was high­est in Patan­jali and Nes­tle (both 899.46 kcal/100 gm).

The Adul­ter­ation and Pu­rity Tests

Bau­douin Test This test is to dis­tin­guish be­tween desi ghee and vanas­pati ghee. It may be noted that ghee adul­ter­ation with vanas­pati, veg­etable oils/fats and an­i­mal body fats is a key con­cern. Re­sults of the Bau­douin test shall be neg­a­tive. • All 14 brands passed the test. Phenolph­thalein Test The re­sults are re­quired to be neg­a­tive. Phenolph­thalein is used as in­di­ca­tor to de­tect pos­si­ble adul­ter­ation in the ghee. • All brands showed neg­a­tive and thereby cleared

the test.

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