Se­condary Safety Fea­tures

Consumer Voice - - Feature -

1. Seat­belts

Seat­belts save lives and must be worn by both front- and rear-seat pas­sen­gers. Seat­belts dras­ti­cally re­duce the chance of death and in­jury and mod­ern seat­belts have fur­ther en­hance­ments to im­prove their ef­fec­tive­ness. Seat­belt pre-ten­sion­ers take up any slack in the belt when they de­tect that a crash is im­mi­nent. Load lim­iters help min­imise belt-in­flicted in­jury by al­low­ing the belt to stretch slightly as a crash takes place, re­duc­ing the peak load that is placed on the pas­sen­ger’s body.

2. Airbags

An Airbag is a safety de­vice in a car which au­to­mat­i­cally fills with air if the car crashes and is de­signed to pro­tect the peo­ple trav­el­ing in the car. In gen­eral, the more airbags a car has, the bet­ter. Front airbag helps in head-on crashes; seat- and door­mounted airbags help pro­tect the pelvis, chest and ab­domen in a side-on im­pact; and cur­tain airbags drop down from the roof lin­ing to pro­tect pas­sen­ger’s heads.

To pre­vent po­ten­tial in­juries to front-seat oc­cu­pants caused by lower-level parts of the car’s in­te­rior, knee-level airbags have been in­tro­duced. Rule 125 (1A) of Cen­tral Mo­tor Ve­hi­cles Rules (CMVR), 1989, makes it manda­tory for four - wheel­ers (cars) to have seat­belts. Sec­tion 194B in Mo­tor Ve­hi­cles Amend­ment Bill (MVAB) im­poses penalty of Rs 1,000 for driv­ing with­out safety belt or car­ry­ing pas­sen­gers (both front and rear) not wear­ing seat­belts. The sec­tion also pro­poses that ‘who­ever drives a mo­tor ve­hi­cle or causes or al­lows a mo­tor ve­hi­cle to be driven with a child who, not hav­ing at­tained the age of four­teen years, is not se­cured by a safety belt or a child re­straint sys­tem shall be pun­ish­able with a fine of Rs 1,000.’

3. Head Res­traints

Head res­traints are an au­to­mo­tive safety fea­ture in­te­grated into the top of each seat. They are de­signed to pre­vent whiplash in­juries, but to be ef­fec­tive they must be well-de­signed and ad­justed cor­rectly for the height of the oc­cu­pant.

Nowa­days some cars have ac­tive head res­traints that ac­tu­ally move for­ward in a crash sit­u­a­tion to bet­ter sup­port the head and neck and mit­i­gate the ef­fects of whiplash in­jury.

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