All of the Vi­ta­mins

Consumer Voice - - Health Drinks -

niacin (Vi­ta­min B3) Also known as nico­tinic acid, niacin plays an in­te­gral role in the con­ver­sion of food to en­ergy and also helps syn­the­size nec­es­sary macro­molecules like fatty acids and choles­terol. As a wa­ter-sol­u­ble vi­ta­min, niacin is con­tin­u­ally lost in the urine and needs to be re­placed in one’s diet. The Di­etary Guide­lines for In­di­ans, 2011, by Na­tional In­sti­tute of Nu­tri­tion, Hy­der­abad, rec­om­mend that male ado­les­cents con­sume 16 mil­ligrams of niacin per day, while for fe­males it is 14 mil­ligrams. In health drinks the ma­jor source of niacin is malt. • Vi­ta­min d It is a fat-sol­u­ble vi­ta­min that is nat­u­rally present in very few foods. Vi­ta­min D pro­motes cal­cium ab­sorp­tion in the gut and main­tains ad­e­quate serum cal­cium and phos­phate con­cen­tra­tions to en­able nor­mal min­er­al­i­sa­tion of bone and to pre­vent hypocal­caemic tetany. It is also needed for bone growth. With­out suf­fi­cient vi­ta­min D, bones can be­come thin, brit­tle, or mis­shapen. The rec­om­mended di­etary al­lowance (RDA) for vi­ta­min D is 600 IU or 15 mcg. • Folic acid (Vi­ta­min B9) Folic acid is one of the most es­sen­tial of all vi­ta­mins. It is an es­sen­tial nu­tri­ent pri­mar­ily be­cause it is needed for the pro­duc­tion and main­te­nance of new cells in the body. This be­comes in­creas­ingly im­por­tant dur­ing the pe­ri­ods when there is rapid cell growth and divi­sion, such as dur­ing preg­nancy for women and in­fancy in chil­dren. As per Di­etary Guide­lines for In­di­ans, 2011, the RDA is 200 g per day. Malt is an es­sen­tial source of folic acid. • Potas­sium Potas­sium is in­volved in nerve func­tion, mus­cle con­trol and blood pres­sure. It works with sodium to main­tain the body’s wa­ter bal­ance. Malt bev­er­ages are gen­er­ally a good source of potas­sium. • High­est amount of potas­sium was found in En­sure (1,096.62 mg/100 gm) and Pe­di­aSure (1,052.35 mg/100 gm). Note: As per the rec­om­mended guide­lines of FSSAI, pro­pri­etary food may con­tain vi­ta­mins and min­er­als in quan­ti­ties not ex­ceed­ing one RDA of the re­spec­tive mi­cronu­tri­ents. In view of this, it is ad­vis­able that one does not con­sume more than the rec­om­mended doses.

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