5 Things Your Skin Craves in June!

This short list of es­sen­tials will stop po­ten­tial skin is­sues in their tracks... and help re­verse any skin dam­age al­ready done.

Cosmopolitan (India) - - CONTENTS - By Marta Topran

A short list of es­sen­tials to pro­tect your skin from dam­age.

YOUR SKIN NEEDS

1. An­tiox­i­dants

UV rays can slip through a too-thin layer of SPF or one that you’ve sweat or swum off, trig­ger­ing your body to re­lease free rad­i­cals—molecules that break down col­la­gen (it keeps your skin smooth and plump). As the sea­son pro­gresses, ac­ci­den­tal dam­age can ac­cu­mu­late. “This is why lots of women no­tice fine lines around the eyes or on the fore­head as sum­mer winds down,” says Diane Mad­fes, a con­sult­ing derm for Garnier. An­tiox­i­dants are free rad­i­cals’ kryp­tonite, neu­tral­is­ing their power, says Bev­erly Hills derm Robin Schaf­fran. BEST OP­TION Vi­ta­min C. This pow­er­ful an­tiox­i­dant fights off free rad­i­cals and pre­vents the for­ma­tion of lines, plus it gets brownie points for fad­ing freck­les, which are a sign of UV dam­age, says Dr Mad­fes.

HOW TO USE IT Reach for a C-spiked serum, which pen­e­trates the skin bet­ter than a thicker lo­tion. Air­tight pumps are best, since air causes the vi­ta­min to be­come un­sta­ble and less po­tent. Ap­ply it to clean, dry skin ev­ery morn­ing.

YOUR SKIN NEEDS 2. Ex­tra Ex­fo­li­a­tion

Add this to the down­side of even small amounts of sun ex­po­sure: if you

haven’t haven’t been been us­ing us­ing a a UVA-block­ing UVA-block­ing sun­screen sun­screen or or haven’t haven’t reap­plied reap­plied as as of­ten of­ten as as you you should, should, you’ll you’ll likely likely see see a a duller-look­ing duller-look­ing com­plex­ion, com­plex­ion, more more break­outs break­outs (a (a layer layer of of ex­cess ex­cess flakes flakes can can clog clog pores), pores), and and a a freckly, freckly, un­even un­even tone tone (nat­u­ral (nat­u­ral ex­fo­li­a­tion ex­fo­li­a­tion buffs buffs away away ex­tra ex­tra pig­ment) pig­ment) come come sum­mer, sum­mer, ac­cord­ing ac­cord­ing to to NYC NYC der­ma­tol­o­gist der­ma­tol­o­gist Pa­tri­cia Pa­tri­cia Wexler. Wexler. BEST OP­TION Sal­i­cylic acid. It gen­tly dis­solves clingy dead cells, says Dr Schaf­fran. Bonus: it’ll keep you shine-free (sal­i­cylic acid is lipid­sol­u­ble, mean­ing it dis­solves any ex­tra oil sit­ting on your skin’s sur­face). HOW TO USE IT At night, lather up with a 2 per­cent sal­i­cylic-acid wash. If you’re on the drier side, find a for­mula that lists sal­i­cylic acid at the mid­dle, not be­gin­ning, of the in­gre­di­ents list. Leave it on like a mask for 60 sec­onds.

YOUR SKIN NEEDS

3. Sun­screen

This is your ul­ti­mate dam­age se­cu­rity sys­tem. While you need it year-round, it’s most cru­cial dur­ing sum­mer, when UV in­dexes peak. Iron­i­cally, that’s when many women slack off, says NYC derm Anne Cha­pas, who in­sists that be­ing dili­gent at the start of sum­mer doesn’t give you a free pass to in­dulge in a few un­pro­tected hours (or min­utes!) here and there. BEST OP­TION Titanium diox­ide. While most sun­screens pro­tect against UVB rays, they don’t of­ten block the full spec­trum of UVA rays (those that cause age­ing and DNA is­sues). This blocker from Lakmé (right) does.

HOW TO USE IT Af­ter ap­ply­ing Vi­ta­min C, rub on a coin-size dot of SPF. Sun­screen loses its po­tency af­ter three hours, so reap­ply if you take a walk at lunch or spend happy hour out­side, says Dr Schaf­fran. Liq­uid, serum-style for­mu­las are light enough to go over make-up.

YOUR SKIN NEEDS

4. Retinoic Acid

De­rived from Vi­ta­min A-based anti-agers, this won­der in­gre­di­ent in­creases cell turnover, erases fine lines, fades sun spots and pim­ples, and cre­ates a softer, touch­able tex­ture—all things you’re pretty des­per­ate to see more of right now. BEST OP­TION Retinol. This over-the-counter so­lu­tion is less con­cen­trated than a retinoid, so it’s of­ten pre­ferred by derms, es­pe­cially in the sum­mer. While they con­tain about a tenth of the Vi­ta­min A found in retinoids, “the best, most ef­fec­tive form of Vi­ta­min A is the one your skin can han­dle—it’s use­less if the side ef­fects stop you from ap­ply­ing it,” says Dr Schaf­fran. HOW TO USE IT In the evening, wash your skin, wait un­til dry, then spread a pea-size drop of retinol cream or serum over your face. If you ex­pe­ri­ence any red­ness, al­ter­nate be­tween this and a moisturiser made for sen­si­tive skin, ev­ery other night.

YOUR SKIN NEEDS 5. Mega Mois­ture

It might seem a lit­tle strange to you (es­pe­cially if you tend to get greasier in the sum­mer), but mois­tur­is­ing is a (very) cru­cial, of­ten over­looked step in warm weather. “UV rays plus chlo­rine and salt wa­ter can leave your skin feel­ing and look­ing as dry as it can in win­ter,” ex­plains Dr Cha­pas. Parched skin also prompts your body to pro­duce more oil as com­pen­sa­tion (hello, break­outs!) and more than dou­bles the rate at which wrin­kles de­velop.

BEST OP­TION Hyaluronic acid. The hy­dra­tor nat­u­rally ex­ists in your body, and be­cause it ab­sorbs 1,000 times its weight in wa­ter, a few smarty-pants sci­en­tists found a way to re-cre­ate it as a facial moisturiser. Like a sponge, it pulls mois­ture from the air into skin, so a light layer goes a long way. Plus, it’s not oil-based, so it’s ideal for shine-prone peeps.

HOW TO USE IT Five min­utes af­ter you ap­ply a retinol prod­uct (you don’t want to di­lute it), slather on a hyaluronic acid-spiked lo­tion. Since your skin does most of its re­pair work at night, the hydrating ef­fect will be even more no­tice­able.

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