All eyes on Ganga
The Ganga Action Plan needs transparency. The National Mission for Clean Ganga ( NMCG) must put out in public domain how it proposes to ensure the wholesomeness of the National River and its basin. This could include:
Continuous flow: A concept note describing the technical approach to ensure optimum environmental flow in every tributary of the Ganga so that waters of neighbouring basins are not required to be transferred.
Unpolluted flow: A modified approach paper giving the technology and roadmap to clean the river basin, which has 836 watersheds, 126 sub-catchments and 22 catchments. Conventional pollution control methods have failed.
Geological entity: Every healthy river system performs its natural function, that is, transportation of sediments and dissolved salts during rainy season and transportation of dissolved compounds and material (rock fragments, for example) during dry months. NMCG should put out a crystal clear approach paper on restoring the geological entity of the river system.
Ecological entity: The Ganga river system is a delicate balance between living species and the physical environment, achieved by nature over thousands of years. NMCG may first define the environmental flow in Indian context and then describe how the ecosystem and the safety of life forms shall be ensured.