Srinagar's lost SAVIOURS

Down to Earth - - COVER STORY -

The en­tire city of Srinagar was flooded after Jammu and Kashmir re­ceived more than 550 mm of rain­fall in one week. Would the city have faced the same catas­tro­phe had its wet­lands and other wa­ter bod­ies been in good shape?

INAGAR

SR

Flood­Chan­nel

Rekh-i-Gan­dak­shah Beer­wahBudgamRoad

GRAPH­ICS: RAKU

JhelumRiver

SindRiver An­char Lake

Hokarsar

Rakh-i-Arat

Qa­mar­wari

Bem­ina Karan Na­gar

Khan­yar

Maisuma Lal Chowk Bata­maloo Wazir Bagh Tulsi Bagh Bata­maloo wet­lands

Ram­bagh Doodh Ganga

MarNalla

DalLake

Re­gal Chowk Zero Bridge

Ra­jbagh

Gogjibagh Pad­shahi Bagh Me­hjoor Na­gar

Nati­pora

Shivpura

Brar-i-Nam­bal Son­war In­drana­gar

Badamibagh

Rakh-i-Khan

Nowgam-Pul­wa­maRoad

1911

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Worst-af­fected ar­eas

Wet­lands, wa­ter bod­ies lost to ur­ban­i­sa­tion Jhelum River

Uri

Drains The cen­tral city was the worst-af­fected as drainage chan­nels that used to drain out flood­wa­ter have dis­ap­peared as also the wet­lands in and around Srinagar be­cause of encroachment Mawer River Pohru River

Bara­mulla

So­pore

Lakes Dal Lake in Srinagar, one of the largest fresh­wa­ter lakes in the world, has been re­duced to one-sixth of its orig­i­nal size. Oth­ers like An­char and Wu­lar lakes have also shrunk in size and face heavy pol­lu­tion

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Srinagar-LadakhHigh­way Wu­lar Lake

SindRiver

Srinagar

Flood-af­fected ar­eas An­char Lake

DalLake Wa­ter bod­ies turn ur­ban jun­gles

JhelumRiver

Anant­nag From 1911-2004, Srinagar lost more than 50 per cent of its wa­ter bod­ies due to ur­ban­i­sa­tion

Source: Study "Quan­tifi­ca­tion of loss of spa­tial ex­tent of lakes and wet­lands in the sub­urbs of Srinagar city dur­ing last cen­tury us­ing geospa­tial ap­proach"; Au­thors: Hu­mayun Rashid and Gowhar Naseem

Wet­land 13,425.90 hectares (ha) Built-up land 1,745.73 ha Open wa­ter source 4,000.50 ha Oth­ers 50,505.90 ha

J&K

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