Sugar breathal­yser

Down to Earth - - SCIENCE -

A NEW test can help spot signs of type 1 di­a­betes even be­fore a per­son starts to show symp­toms of the dis­ease. Pa­tients of type 1 di­a­betes have a se­verely re­duced in­sulin-pro­duc­ing ca­pac­ity. In the ab­sence of in­sulin, the body starts to process fats to meet its en­ergy needs. Break­down of fats pro­duces ke­tones, which lead to a con­di­tion called di­a­betic ke­toaci­do­sis (DKA). One of the byprod­ucts in the de­vel­op­ment of DKA is ace­tone which is re­leased in the breath. The test, that can be done us­ing a hand-held de­vice, can de­tect in­creased ace­tone lev­els in the breath. Jour­nal of Breath Re­search, Novem­ber 25

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