Into the abyss?

The sit­u­a­tion of In­dia's farm­ers has only be­come grim­mer in the past decade, ac­cord­ing to the lat­est Na­tional Sam­ple Sur­vey Of­fice re­port

Down to Earth - - RURAL DEBT - JI­TEN­DRA |

Tof the em­bat­tled In­dian HE LOT farmer only keeps on get­ting worse with the pas­sage of time.In the last 10 years, the vo­lu­mi­nous debt of In­dian agri­cul­tural house­holds has in­creased al­most four-fold whereas their un­der­sized monthly in­come from cul­ti­va­tion has in­creased three-fold. Even the num­ber of in­debted agri­cul­tural house­holds has in­creased in the last 10 years. At the same time, there has been a mi­cro-in­cre­ment in the num­ber of agri­cul­tural house­holds in In­dia.

All this is ac­cord­ing to the re­cent re­port of the Na­tional Sam­ple Sur­vey Of­fice (nsso), re­leased on De­cem­ber 19, 2014.The re­port, ti­tled ‘ Sit­u­a­tion As­sess­ment Sur­vey of Agri­cul­tural House­holds in In­dia’, is based on a coun­try­wide sur­vey of 35,000 house­holds by nsso dur­ing 2012-2013.

It states that 52 per cent of the to­tal agri­cul­tural house­holds in the coun­try are in debt. The av­er­age debt is 47,000 per agri­cul­tural house­hold in this coun­try,where the yearly in­come from cul­ti­va­tion per house­hold is 36,972.

The re­port comes af­ter a gap of 10 years. The last Sit­u­a­tion As­sess­ment Sur­vey by the nsso was for 2002-03. In that year, 48.6 per cent of agri­cul­tural house­holds

were in debt. The av­er­age

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