Or­der and dis­or­der

Supreme Court has been mon­i­tor­ing en­force­ment of its or­ders, but a lot more needs to be done

Down to Earth - - THE FORTNIGHT - Source: Supreme Court judge­ments and me­dia re­ports

March 31, 1994

Ut­tar Pradesh asked to sub­mit list of units in TTZ for re­lo­ca­tion.

April 29, 1994

Con­sid­er­ing 57,800 work­ers would be af­fected, SC or­ders set­ting up an­other panel to probe pol­lu­tion sources; panel con­sti­tuted un­der S Varadara­jan

Novem­ber 29, 2000

Ut­tar Pradesh sanc­tions ` 4.56 crore for Agra Her­itage Fund

De­cem­berb 14, 2000

SC or­ders the Cen­tre to re­lease funds to en­sure sur­vival of 1,215,500 saplings planted by the Ut­tar Pradesh for­est depart­ment for a green belt around the Taj at a cost of ` 4.03 crore

Fe­bru­ary 25, 1994

SC ex­am­ines NEERI rec­om­men­da­tions on use of gas fuel in Mathura re­fin­ery and other units in TTZ (Mathura re­fin­ery's switchover to gas fuel com­pleted in 2005)

Au­gust 8, 1994

Court in­formed that gas pipe­line for Mathura re­fin­ery would be com­pleted by De­cem­ber 1996. (At present, 90-odd units run on gas and elec­tric­ity in TTZ)

Novem­ber 7, 2000

SC di­rects set­ting up four air qual­ity monito mon­i­tor­ing sta­tions in Agra. T Th­ese be­come func­tio func­tional in 2002 at the Taj Ma­hal, Et­matud-dau ud-daula, Ram­bagh and Nu Nun­hai

OOc­to­bertb 3, 2001

Foundry own­ers asked to file un­der­tak­ing to switch to gas-based tech­nol­ogy by Oc­to­ber 10, 2001, fail­ing which they would close (187 close shop)

Oc­to­ber 1993

NEERI sub­mits re­port on SO emis­sion

2 con­trol mea­sures for Mathura re­fin­ery, rec­om­mends use of nat­u­ral gas as fuel

April 1995

Varadara­jan panel sub­mits re­port, rec­om­mends re­lo­ca­tion of in­dus­tries out of TTZ

Novem­ber 3, 2000

SC di­rects CPCB to lay down spe­cial air and noise pol­lu­tion stan­dards for TTZ. (Eco­log­i­cally sen­si­tive area stan­dards are ap­pli­ca­ble in TTZ since 2009)

April 11, 2002002

SC takes note of CPCB re­port, say­ingng air qual­ity has still not im­proved. UPPCB asked to as­cer­tain­cer­tain rea­sons

Au­gust 27, 1993

Clo­sure or­der passed against 212 in­dus­tries that failed to in­stall air pol­lu­tion con­trol de­vices

Au­gust 3, 1995

SC or­ders the Cen­tre and Ut­tar Pradesh gov­ern­ment to pre­pare re­lo­ca­tion scheme

May 17, 1999

TTZ Pol­lu­tion (Pre­ven­tion and Con­trol) Author­ity con­sti­tuted to mon­i­tor schemes for pro­tect­ing the Taj

July, 1993

NEERI says units us­ing coal and coke as fuel are the ma­jor r pol­luters; sug­gests ts changes in TTZ bound­aries

Fe­bru­ary 20, 1996

SC takes note that none of NEERI's rec­om­men­da­tions had been en­forced by the Cen­tre

Fe­bru­ary 23, 1999

Cabi­net Com­mit­tee on Eco­nomic Af­fairs ap­proves schemes worth ` 222.21 crore for projects to im­prove air, wa­ter and land in Agra

Ju­lyJu 16, 2003

SC or­ders CBICB in­quiry into ` 17517 crore Taj Her­itage Cor­ri­dorCo scam af­ter di­ver­sion­div of the Ya­muna river,riv to re­claim over 30 ha be­tween Agra Fort an­dan Taj Ma­hal for food plaza­s­pla and shops, is no­ticedno


Pro­posal to set up a re­fin­ery at Mathura, 40 km from the Taj Ma­hal sparks de­bate over the dan­ger it would pose to the Taj

Jan­uary, 1993

SC or­ders Na­tional En­vi­ron­men­tal En­gi­neer­ing Re­search In­sti­tute (NEERI) and UPPCB to help in­dus­tries set up air pol­lu­tion con­trol de­vices

March 3, 1996

SC or­ders ex­pe­dit­ing con­struc­tion of by­pass road to check pol­lu­tion from 14,000 trucks pass­ing through the city (road func­tional at present)

De­cem­ber 12, 1998

All com­mer­cial ac­tiv­ity in pro­tected mon­u­ments in TTZ banned (no shop op­er­ates within the Taj premises at present)

Au­gust 19, 2003

SC or­ders crack­down on il­le­gal min­ing in Mathura as it was said to be con­tribut­ing to pol­lu­tion


Ex­pert panel headed by S Varadara­jan sub­mits re­port say­ing emis­sions from re­fin­ery would be limited to one tonne/hour

Jan­uary, 1993

SC or­ders Ut­tar Pradesh Pol­lu­tion Con­trol Board (UPPCB) to iden­tify pol­lut­ing in­dus­tries in Agra; no­tices served to 511 units

Novem­ber 11, 1998

SC asks Union en­vi­ron­ment min­istry to re­lease funds for green belt


Joint Par­lia­men­tary Com­mit­tee headed by Karan Singh op­poses Mathura re­fin­ery


World Mon­u­ments Fund pub­lishes list of 100 most en­dan­gered sites, which in­cludes the Taj

Septem­ber 4, 1998

Court takes note of NEERI and CPCB re­port on sew­er­age sys­tem for Agra; no pump­ing sta­tion al­lowed within 500m of the Taj

De­cem­ber 2013

NEERI pre­pares com­pre­hen­sive en­vi­ron­ment man­age­ment plan; says use of coal and biomass by units, and growth in v ve­hi­cle num­bers, be­hind the pol­lu­tion


Gov­ern­ment closes 2 ther­mal power sta­tions in Agra and re­places coal with diesel as the fuel in rail­way shunt­ing yard

Septem­ber 3, 1984

SC is­sues no­tice on pe­ti­tion by M C Mehta, say­ing pol­lu­tion from units in Agra and the ad­ja­cent town of Firoz­abad, and Mathura re­fin­ery is a threat

May 10, 1996

All brick kilns or­dered to stop op­er­at­ing within 20 km from the Taj (no bricks kilns op­er­ate in the area now)

March 24, 1998

Pol­lut­ing ve­hi­cles pro­hib­ited within 500 me­tre of the Taj Ma­hal

June 2013

Agra Devel­op­ment Author­ity or­ders petha units to switch to gas fuel or re­lo­cate away from the Taj. The process is go­ing on


Cen­tral Pol­lu­tion Con­trol Board (CPCB) de­mar­cates Taj Trapez­ium Zone (TTZ)


Taj Ma­hal bags World Her­itage Site tag. Cen­tre de­clares AgraMathura re­gion as air pol­lu­tion pro­tected area; pro­hibits set­ting up of pol­lut­ing in­dus­tries

Jan­uary 2015

All com­mer­cial ve­hi­cles op­er­at­ing around Taj or­dered to shift to CNG by July 31 fol­low­ing an In­doUS study on the dis­coloura­tion of the Taj


Mathura re­fin­ery com­mis­sioned. In two years SO

2 lev­els around the Taj Ma­hal spi­ral (it was noted at 859 kg/ hr in 1993) 93)


SC or­ders un­in­ter­rupted power to Agra; to ex­pe­dite work on Gokul Bar­rage (com­pleted in 2001) and Agra Bar­rage (yet to be con­structed). De­cides to mon­i­tor im­ple­men­ta­tion of its or­ders

De­cem­ber 30, 1996

292 units in Agra asked to shift to nat­u­ral gas or ap­ply for plots out­side TTZ. Non-com­ply­ing in­dus­tries di­rected to be closed from April 30, 1997

March, 2015

SC pulls up Ut­tar Pradesh for mak­ing false claims about plant­ing trees to com­pen­sate for trees felled for devel­op­ment projects

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