Bird flu has spread to over 35 coun­tries

Down to Earth - - THE FORTNIGHT -

The rapid spread of Avian In­fluenza across the globe has taken the world by storm. The World Or­ga­ni­za­tion for An­i­mal Health de­clared that highly path­o­genic strains of avian flu or bird flu have spread to over 35 coun­tries since early 2014 Avian in­fluenza is an in­fec­tious vi­ral dis­ease that af­fects birds, of­ten with­out any ex­ter­nal symp­toms. The virus is known to un­dergo ge­netic mod­i­fi­ca­tions or swap genes and achieve the abil­ity to cross species bar­ri­ers, en­abling it to af­fect mam­mals The to­tal num­ber of cases in hu­mans so far stands at 840 across 16 coun­tries. Of these, 447 cases were fa­tal. The ma­jor­ity of new cases have been de­tected in Egypt In In­dia, out­breaks have been re­ported in Te­lan­gana, Andhra Pradesh, Ker­ala, Mad­hya Pradesh, Ch­hat­tis­garh, Ut­tar Pradesh and Ma­nipur since the be­gin­ning of the year. For­tu­nately, no cases of hu­man in­fec­tion have been de­tected yet

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