The pinch

Down to Earth - - COVER STORY - Why VW cheated in the US

High­way

Ur­ban (Los An­ge­les)

Ur­ban (San Diego)

Ur­ban (San Francisco) af­fected ve­hi­cles, which Volk­swa­gen may have to re­call. Fix­ing all would cost the earth of civil penalty Volk­swa­gen could face from US En­vi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion Agency is the drop in Volk­swa­gen's share value within a week af­ter the scan­dal broke on Septem­ber 18 US EPA stan­dard: 0.04 g/km Euro VI stan­dard: 0.08 g/km Bharat stage IV stan­dard: 0.25 g/km

Sales have stopped

Called for in­quiries into VW diesel cars US has the tough­est NOx stan­dards in the world. Stan­dards are even more strin­gent in Cal­i­for­nia state. Volk­swa­gen could not meet the stan­dards with­out com­pro­mis­ing cost and fuel ef­fi­ciency of its cars

An­nounced probe into VW diesel cars An­nounced probe into VW diesel cars

Called for in­quiries into VW diesel cars Stopped sales of 2-litre VW mod­els emis­sion stan­dard is fol­lowed in a few cities in In­dia EU fol­lowed till 2014-2015; cur­rently fol­lowed in Beijing

fol­lowed across EU

fol­lowed in USA

fol­lowed in Cal­i­for­nia

Beijing banned diesel cars in 2003. In China VW mostly sells petrol cars An­nounced probe into VW diesel cars

Or­dered test­ing all VW cars

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