How US makes car­mak­ers re­spon­si­ble

Down to Earth - - COVER STORY -

Au­thor­i­ties world­wide can learn from the US En­vi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion Agency (USEPA), which has a pro­gramme to ver­ify on-road emis­sion per­for­mance of ve­hi­cles from time to time The pro­gramme re­quires man­u­fac­tur­ers to ran­domly se­lect sam­ples of their ve­hi­cles out on the road and test those—at their own ex­pense—to ver­ify if the ve­hi­cles are per­form­ing ac­cord­ing to their orig­i­nal emis­sions stan­dards Test re­sults are sent to USEPA, which con­ducts tests to ver­ify man­u­fac­tur­ers' claims. If the sam­ples fail to meet the stan­dard, man­u­fac­tur­ers face fines of up to $37,500 per ve­hi­cle and have to re­call non­com­pli­ant ve­hi­cles Pro­vi­sions like high fines and manda­tory re­call act as de­ter­rents. Man­u­fac­tur­ers re­duce their li­a­bil­ity by iden­ti­fy­ing and fix­ing prob­lems be­fore they get out of hand. Their in­vest­ments in test­ing and cre­at­ing qual­ity prod­ucts pay off in the long run

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