How did the book come about? The content of the book is heavily based on my interactions with the farmers with whom I have had several opportunities to work while at the M S Swaminathan Research Foundation in Chennai. My curiosity made me ask questions—about birds and wildlife visiting their farms as I frequently heard about the problems these farmers faced from them. This has now been termed human-wildlife conflict. Interestingly, most didn't mind the birds visiting their farms. This book is aimed at managers and policymakers to look into this aspect and hopefully get ideas that can be implemented on field to mitigate such conflicts. What is the state of bird conservation in India? Most of the funds are directed towards charismatic animals. But in the end, the conservation of the umbrella species or the charismatic animals like tigers and elephants will help birds as well. Conserving birds is easier—by preserving the ecosystems, like conservation of wetlands, coasts, dry scrubs, as a whole will automatically conserve a variety of bird species. The other way to conserve birds is to leave them alone. By not interfering in their natural habitat and hindering important stages of their life cycles like breeding and their roosting areas will help in their conservation. Take the Narcondam hornbill for example, which is endemic to the small island of Narcondam in Nicobar. Leave them alone and they will be fine. How can people contribute to nature conservation? There is a need to make the public aware, especially of where the things that they use and consume come from and where they end up. People should be educated and made aware of the consequences. One cannot generate interest by just putting up a board that says ` please conserve nature'. People need to be guided as to how they can contribute to conserve nature. Bird festivals and citizen science projects such as Migrant Watch, the Sparrow Project and several other initiatives are welcome as they inspire people. However, what concerns me is the large number of people congregating in remote forested places who destroy the place as they camp out, have bonfires and dump waste. I think eco-tourism should follow strict guidelines.