Dis­placed, again

Down to Earth - - MINING -

Thou­sands of peo­ple in Singrauli have suf­fered re­cur­ring dis­place­ment due to in­dus­trial and in­fra­struc­ture de­vel­op­ment 1954 Con­struc­tion of Ri­hand Dam be­gins, dis­plac­ing 200,000 peo­ple from 146 vil­lages in Ut­tar Pradesh and Mad­hya Pradesh. Many of them mi­grate to Morwa 1973 The Spe­cial Au­thor­ity De­vel­op­ment Area, a mu­nic­i­pal cor­po­rate body, is es­tab­lished in Singrauli to reg­u­late the ac­qui­si­tion of land for fu­ture projects. It fa­cil­i­tates le­git­imi­sa­tion of projects and pushes new de­vel­op­ment projects 1977 The World Bank loans US $150 mil­lion to the Na­tional Ther­mal Power Corporation for the con­struc­tion of the first coal-fired power plant in the re­gion. Around 600 fam­i­lies, al­ready dis­placed by Ri­hand Dam, are forced to move to Morwa 1985 North­ern Coal­fields Lim­ited's Dud­hichua coal mine dis­places about 378 peo­ple, mostly trib­als From 2006 Five su­per ther­mal power projects of Dainik Bhaskar, Es­sar, Hin­dalco, Jaypee, and Re­liance are set up as pri­vatepub­lic part­ner­ships. Around 4,047 hectares of land is ac­quired for mines and power plants, dis­plac­ing more than 3,000 fam­i­lies in Singrauli. Some of these projects fig­ure in the in­fa­mous coal scam, later can­celled by the Supreme Court in Septem­ber 2014

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