Ira­nian `Queen of Math' dies at 40

Down to Earth - - THE FORTNIGHT -

Maryam Mirza­khani passed away on July 14 four years af­ter she was di­ag­nosed with breast cancer. Mirza­khani, who was 40, re­mains the only woman and the only Ira­nian to ever win a Fields Medal, the most pres­ti­gious award in math­e­mat­ics, GHVFULEHG E\ PDQ\ DV WKH k1REHO 3UL]H RI PDWKy The Fields Medal is awarded every four years. Mirza­khani re­ceived the prize in 2014 for her work in the­o­ret­i­cal math­e­mat­ics fo­cus­ing on the de­tailed de­scrip­tion of curved sur­faces. She also pub­lished a ma­jor work in 2013 along with Alex Eskin de­scrib­ing the path of a bil­liard ball around a polyg­o­nal ta­ble. While it seems sim­ple, it is a prob­lem math­e­ma­ti­cians wres­tled with for over a cen­tury, and Mirza­khani and Eskin's VROXWLRQ ZDV FDOOHG kWKH EHJLQQLQJ RI D QHZ HUD LQ PDWKHPDWLFVy :KLOH KLJKO\ WKHRUHWLFDO KHU ZRUN had im­pli­ca­tions for quan­tum field the­ory and the­o­ret­i­cal physics as well as en­gi­neer­ing, prime num­bers and cryp­tog­ra­phy.

Born in Tehran in 1977, Mirza­khani went to col­lege at Tehran's Sharif Univer­sity be­fore head­ing to Har­vard Univer­sity in the United States where she earned her doc­tor­ate. Her 2004 the­sis is con­sid­ered a mas­ter­piece and led to ar­ti­cles in three top math­e­mat­ics jour­nals. 0LU]DNKDQL DFFHSWHG D SRVLWLRQ DW 3ULQFHWRQ 8QLYHUVLW\ 1HZ -HUVH\ EHIRUH PRYLQJ WR 6WDQIRUG Univer­sity, Cal­i­for­nia in 2008, where she con­tin­ued her work and even­tu­ally won the Fields Medal in 2013.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from India

© PressReader. All rights reserved.