Women Com­po­nent Plan in Haryana: An Anal­y­sis

- Annu & San­tosh Nan­dal

Economic Challenger - - NEWS -

Annu* San­tosh Nan­dal**

*Ju­nior Re­search Fel­low, Deptt. of Economics, M.D.U., Ro­htak. ** Pro­fes­sor, Deptt. Of Economics, M.D.U., Ro­htak.

AB­STRACT

The present re­search study is an at­tempt to spell out the state level sce­nario to­wards Women Com­po­nent Plan as a gen­der bud­get­ing tool. The study analy­ses the out­lay/ex­pen­di­ture un­der women com­po­nent plan for the time pe­riod rang­ing from 2007-08 to 2012-13. The study also of­fers pol­icy sug­ges­tions to make women com­po­nent plan as a more ef­fec­tive tool of gen­der bud­get­ing.

The Govern­ment of In­dia has adopted women com­po­nent plan as a ma­jor strat­egy of gen­der bud­get­ing and women em­pow­er­ment. Gen­der bud­get­ing is not meant to bar­gain for a larger share of re­sources for women or to cre­ate a sep­a­rate bud­get for them. The aim is to an­a­lyse the bud­getary ex­pen­di­tures from a gen­der per­spec­tive. Women com­po­nent plan is in­tended to­wards a ' con­ver­gence of ex­ist­ing ser­vices', avail­able in both women-spe­cific and women-re­lated sec­tors. The no­tion of women com­po­nent plan en­tered the plan­ning process in the 7 th Five Year Plan with the initiation of a spe­cial mech­a­nism to mon­i­tor 27 ben­e­fi­ciary ori­ented schemes for women. How­ever, the 9 th Five Year Plan marked a sig­nif­i­cant progress in this re­gard. The no­tion of women com­po­nent plan, as adopted in the 9 th Five Year Plan, ear­marked a clear, un­con­di­tional min­i­mum quan­tum of funds/ben­e­fits for women in the schemes run by all min­istries/de­part­ments that are per­ceived to be “women re­lated”. The 10 th Five Year Plan marked an­other sig­nif­i­cant step for­ward as it en­vis­aged “im­me­di­ate ac­tion in ty­ing up th­ese two ef­fec­tive con­cepts of women com­po­nent

plan and gen­der bud­get­ing to play a com­ple­men­tary role to each other, and thus en­sure both preven­tive and post facto ac­tion in en­abling women to re­ceive their right­ful share from all the women-re­lated gen­eral de­vel­op­ment sec­tors” (Pa­tel, V. 2003).

Un­der women com­po­nent plan, both Cen­tral as well as State Gov­ern­ments are re­quired to en­sure that “not less than 30 per­cent of the funds/ben­e­fits are ear­marked for women un­der the var­i­ous schemes of the 'women-re­lated' min­istries/de­part­ments”. The no­tion of women com­po­nent plan is a pre­cur­sor to the adop­tion of gen­der bud­get­ing, which rep­re­sents a much broader and pro­found ap­proach to­wards en­sur­ing gen­der re­spon­sive bud­gets and pub­lic poli­cies. Women com­po­nent plan pro­vides a bench­mark to as­sess the per­for­mance of min­istries/de­part­ments in pri­or­i­tiz­ing plan re­sources for schemes which ben­e­fit women.

Haryana Govern­ment al­lo­cates funds un­der women com­po­nent plan since an­nual plan 2007- 08. How­ever, in­for­ma­tion on im­ple­men­ta­tion of women com­po­nent plan by the var­i­ous min­istries/de­part­ments can play an im­por­tant role in op­er­a­tional­iz­ing gen­der bud­get­ing. Ta­ble-1 and Fig­ure-1 present the out­lay/ex­pen­di­ture un­der women com­po­nent plan in Haryana.

Ta­ble-1 and Fig­ure-1 re­veal the in­creas­ing trend of out­lay/ex­pen­di­ture un­der women com­po­nent plan in Haryana. The ac­tual ex­pen­di­ture un­der women com­po­nent plan has in­creased from Rs. 93,752.82 lakh in 2007-08 to Rs. 1,94,826.40 lakh in 2011-12. An­nual ex­pen­di­ture growth rate has a fluc­tu­at­ing trend as de­picted in­Table-1.

The ta­ble-2 re­veals the in­creas­ing trend of out­lay/ex­pen­di­ture un­der women com­po­nent plan dur­ing an­nual plans un­der ma­jor heads of de­vel­op­ment in Haryana. An amount of Rs. 2,28,336.71 lakh has been ap­proved for the an­nual plan 2012-13. While al­lo­cat­ing out­lays for the de­part­ments, high­est pri­or­ity has been ac­corded to so­cial jus­tice and em­pow­er­ment

sec­tor in each an­nual plan. The ex­pen­di­ture on so­cial jus­tice and em­pow­er­ment has in­creased from Rs.36,973.59 lakh in 2007-08 to Rs. 87,159.00 lakh in 2011-12. Af­ter an­nual plan 2008-09, no ex­pen­di­ture has been made for com­mu­nity de­vel­op­ment un­der women com­po­nent plan.

FIND­INGS OF THE STUDY

The do­main of women com­po­nent plan is re­stricted only to plan al­lo­ca­tions by the min­istries/de­part­ments; it does not take into ac­count non plan al­lo­ca­tions. There is no ex­pla­na­tion, how­ever, on how the Plan­ning Com­mis­sion ar­rived at the par­tic­u­lar fig­ure of 30% un­der the women com­po­nent plan, at least not in any of the govern­ment re­ports/ doc­u­ments avail­able in the pub­lic do­main. The es­sen­tial ear­mark­ing of 30% funds for women un­der the women com­po­nent plan for all min­istries at the Cen­tre and the States forces the pol­icy mak­ers to start think­ing on the lines of gen­dered-im­pact of poli­cies. This com­mit­ment of re­sources is both vi­tal and nec­es­sary. An­nual growth rate of ex­pen­di­ture un­der women com­po­nent plan has a fluc­tu­at­ing trend. The an­nual ex­pen­di­ture growth rate was 2.96 per cent in 2008-09 and be­came 66.17 per cent in 2009-10. As­mall amount of funds has been re­leased to ur­ban de­vel­op­ment which re­mains con­stant at Rs. 4.00 lakh in each an­nual plan un­der women com­po­nent plan. Ac­tual ex­pen­di­ture on higher ed­u­ca­tion has de­creased from Rs.17597.98 lakh in 2007-08 to Rs. 7745.09 lakh in 2010-11 un­der women com­po­nent plan in the state.

SUG­GES­TIONS

A sys­tem should be set up to col­late gen­der dis­ag­gre­gated data f rom rel­e­vant de­part­ments to ob­tain the gen­der-wise rel­e­vant sta­tis­ti­cal data­base, tar­gets and in­di­ca­tors. A gen­der au­dit of plan, poli­cies and pro­grammes of var­i­ous min­istries with pro-women al­lo­ca­tions should be con­ducted for eval­u­a­tion of the progress. Ben­e­fi­ciary in­ci­dence is an im­por­tant part of women com­po­nent plan. It should be en­sured that at least 30 per­cent of the ben­e­fi­cia­ries should be women. To en­sure that funds ac­tu­ally reach the women, a 'non-lapsable pool' of women's fund should be cre­ated in ev­ery State and also at the Cen­tre. If there is un­der-util­i­sa­tion of funds al­lo­cated for women spe­cific pro­grammes/schemes un­der any Min­istry (Cen­tral or State), the bal­ance amount of funds should be trans­ferred to non-lapsable pool. How­ever, to en­sure that funds ac­tu­ally reach the women rather than ly­ing idle in the non-lapsable pool, checks and bal­ances as well as in­cen­tives for qual­ity of spend­ing as well as mon­i­tor­ing out­comes ought to be put in place. Women com­po­nent plan should con­tinue as a bridg­ing mech­a­nism to en­sure that the mo­men­tum of flow of funds to women re­lated pro­grams is sus­tained. Women com­po­nent plan should cover all sec­tors and schemes and all pro­grammes both in the Cen­tre and the State be­cause there is no sec­tor/pro­gram/scheme that does not have gen­der im­pli­ca­tions. Hence one of the strong rec­om­men­da­tions of the Sub Group on the Em­pow­er­ment of Women for the 11 th Plan is to ex­tend the con­cept of Women com­po­nent plan to all min­istries/sec­tors in the Cen­tre and the States. PRIs should be in­ten­sively in­volved to en­sure 30% ear­mark­ing for women. As per the Seventy Third Con­sti­tu­tional Amend­ment, 29 sub­jects have been trans­ferred to the pan­chay­ats. The schemes fall­ing un­der th­ese sub­jects could be looked into by the pan­chay­ats to en­sure im­ple­men­ta­tion of women com­po­nent plan.

Plan­ning Com­mis­sion should take quar­terly meet­ings to re­view the progress of women com­po­nent plan. It should manda­to­rily ob­tain the in­for­ma­tion on women com­po­nent plan from min­istries/states as a part of the an­nual plan ex­er­cise. The pro­pos­als sub­mit­ted by the min­istries/de­part­ments and the states should doc­u­ment the progress/re­view of the women com­po­nent plan dur­ing the cur­rent/ pre­vi­ous year and the steps pro­posed to be taken dur­ing the forth­com­ing year. Re­vised pro­forma need to be de­vised which should be sim­ple and user-friendly in or­der to col­lect in­for­ma­tion on women com­po­nent plan. The al­lo­ca­tion of funds un­der women com­po­nent plan in each sec­tor needs to be in­creased by in­creas­ing per capita in­come. Some govern­ment schemes need to in­tro­duce at the end of the plan­ning com­mis­sion to en­hance the ex­pen­di­ture in bud­get for the em­pow­er­ment of women. There is ur­gent need that women should have ac­cess and con­trol over the bud­get for the de­vel­op­ment pur­pose. The mon­i­tor­ing of the women com­po­nent plan un­der gen­der bud­get­ing should be done at reg­u­lar in­ter­vals so that progress could be mea­sured. For ef­fec­tive gen­der bud­get anal­y­sis, there should be a close in­ter­ac­tion be­tween ac­tivists in the women's move­ments and pol­icy mak­ers. The pol­icy mak­ers should know the re­al­ity of women's life and their ex­pec­ta­tions from the govern­ment.

REF­ER­ENCES

Alphonse, Alphonse, M. M. (2003): (2003): “Women Com­po­nent Plan: A Holis­tic Gen­der Bud­get­ing Tool” Pa­per pre­sented at the In­ter­na­tional Gen­der Bud­get Work­shop, at Women Study Cen­tre, Utkal Univer­sity, Bhubaneswar, In­dia Das, Subrat and Mishra, Yamini (2006): “Women Com­po­nent Plan and Gen­der Bud­get­ing in In­dia: Still a Long Way to Go”, Yo­jana , Vol. 50, Oc­to­ber.

Goyal, An­jali (2005): “Women Em­pow­er­ment through Gen­der Bud­get­ing- A Re­view in the In­dian Con­text”, Depart­ment of Women and Child De­vel­op­ment, Min­istry of Hu­man Re­source De­vel­op­ment, Govern­ment of In­dia, New Delhi.

Kot­wal, V. (2007): “Gen­der Bud­get­ing- An In­dian Per­spec­tive”.

Lahiri, A. et al. (2000): In­dia-Gen­der Bud­get­ing , National In­sti­tute of Pub­lic Fi­nance and Pol­icy, New Delhi.

_________ (2003): Gen­der Bud­get­ing in In­dia , National In­sti­tute of Pub­lic Fi­nance and Pol­icy, New Delhi.

Pal­harya, S. (2008): “Gen­der Bud­get­ing in Mad­hya Pradesh-A Case Study of Pub­lic Ex­pen­di­ture on Women and Child De­vel­op­ment” in Thakur, A.K. and Kumar, D. ( Ed.), Gen­der Em­pow­er­ment and De­vel­op­ment on be­half of In­dian Eco­nomic as­so­ci­a­tion, Deep & Deep pub­li­ca­tion, New Delhi.

Pa­tel, V. (2002): “Gen­der­ing the Bud­get at State and National Level and Gen­der Au­dit of the Union Bud­get- A Crit­i­cal Ap­proach”, Urd­hvaMula , Mum­bai, Vol. 1, No. 1.

Plan­ning Com­mis­sion (2008): Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-12), So­cial Sec­tor, Vol­ume-II, Govern­ment of In­dia. Plan­ning Depart­ment (2011): Pro­posed An­nual Plan (2012-13), Vol­ume I and II, Govern­ment of Haryana.

_________ : Eco­nomic Sur­vey of Haryana (2010-11).

Ra­jneesh, S. (2008): “Gen­der Bud­get­ing to Gen­der Main­stream­ing”, In­dian Jour­nal of Pub­lic Ad­min­is­tra­tion , Vol. LIV, No. 4, Oc­to­ber-De­cem­ber, pp. 904-907.

Singh, A.K. (Year not men­tioned): “Gen­der Bud­get­ing i n Ur­ban Lo­cal Bod­ies” Back­ground Pa­per.

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