Public Awareness regarding Political System & Government Policies
- Dr. Umed Singh
Dr. Umed Singh
Associate Professor of Commerce, BLJS (PG) College, Tosham (Bhiwani) Email- email@example.com; M: 9416074606
A good awareness regarding political system helps to run smoothly governmental administration in the country which is helpful to make the healthy policies for the development of the country. Policy-making shows ast to what steps are being taken by the government to get the objectives of development and sustainable growth in the country. Nowadays, political stability in India has become a major issue due to various kinds of gates (Rail-gate, Coal-gate, Khel-Ghottala, 2G Spectrum, Adarsh Housing Society Scam, etc.) being made by the politicians. These gates are painful for the each section (upper, middle and lower) of the society. Now here is the question what does the public think? And what are the changes required to remove the corruption from political system and the society?
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Jennings, (1979) tried to set a connection between life cycle stages and political participation. In this study, researcher emphasized participation as a domain-specific and as being responsive to changing opportunity structures over the life span. It was argued that the results were illustrative of more general processes governing participation over the life cycle.
Rashid, et. al. (2012), made a study to understand the political attitude and explain the various degrees of political attitudes of rural youth. In this study, Bi-variate analysis and multiple regressions were applied to study the variables like family size, agricultural knowledge, age, organizational participation etc. The researchers found that 37.9% youth were not involved with politics and half of the respondents had moderate positive attitude towards present politics and it was also found that agriculture knowledge, organizational participation and communication exposure jointly contributed to 30.6% variation in prediction of political attitude.
Shivhare, explained the concept of the public opinion through the study entitled 'Public Opinion and Democracy'. The study found that the governmental policies gradually became the function of opinion rather than of force, and the theory of public opinion was a derivative from democracy as a form of government
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
To study the level of political awareness,
To study the level of awareness regarding
Research Design: the present study has been conducted to know the public awareness and attitude towards politics and governmental policies. Thus, a descriptive-cum-analytical research design has been used in this study.
Sample Design: two districts (Rohtak and Bhiwani) have been selected non-randomly for the purpose of the study.
Procedure of Data Collections :
Analysis of every research work is based on relevant data and it can be collected by two ways: by way of primary data collection and by way of secondary data collection. Primary data are that data which are collected afresh and for the first time, and thus happen to be original in character. It may be collected by observation, interview, and mail questionnaires, through schedules etc. Secondary data are that data which have been already collected by someone else and which have already been passed through the statistical process. It may be collected from published or unpublished sources.
In this research work, Primary data relating to selected variables have been collected t hrough questionnaires. To know t he respondents' level of awareness regarding politics raw data were analyzed with the help of percentage method. The results were found that most of the people had voting rights but only 58% people cast their votes at the time of election and most of the people out of these made an analysis about politicians before casting their votes. 86.5% respondents in the total recognized that political stability was the base of social and economic development and 91.5% recognized that our politicians were corrupt. It was also found that male respondents (89.2%) had rights to cast the vote more than females (71.6%) but females (78.1%) made analysis before casting the vote more than males. 89% females and 95.3% males assumed that politicians were corrupt.
To study the respondents' level of awareness regarding government policies raw data were analyzed with the help of percentage method. The results were found that most of the respondents (95.6%) believed in democratic administration and 74.7% people updated themselves with statistics released by the government. 68% females updated themselves with statistics but it was lower than the males (84.6%). 96.3% respondents in the total recognize that governmental policies affect the general public. It was also found that a few people (11%) are happy with the current policies of the government and most of the people (92%) were found in favour of raising voice against the government.
Note: X1- Female's level of political awareness,
X2- Male's level of political awareness,
Y1- Female's level of awareness regarding governmental policies,
Y2- Male's level of awareness regarding governmental policies.
Table-3 revealed that the awareness level of female and male respondents regarding poilitics and governmental policies was not statistically significant at 5% level of significance because all calculated t-values were lessor than their tabulated t-values (as indicated byTable-3).
SOME IMPORTANT SUGGESTIONS
On the basis of study and findings the researcher has made a few valuable suggestions for improving the political system and governmental policies. Good anti-corruption rules should be formulated and strictly implemented by the government, Various kinds of analyses about politicians should be made by the voters before casting their votes, Public should be awakened by organizing various kinds of public awareness programmes.
Jennings, M. kent, (1979), “Another Look at the Life Cycle and Political Participation”, American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 23, Issue 4, pp, 755-771. Rashid, Md. Mamun-ur, Gao, Qijie (2012), “Determinants of Rural Youth's Attitude and Involvement in Bangladesh Politics”, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science , Vol. 2, No. 23, pp.183-193. Varun, Shivhare, “Public Opinion and Democracy”, Retrieved from: http://www.legalservicesindia.com/articles/demo.htm.