Pub­lic Aware­ness re­gard­ing Po­lit­i­cal Sys­tem & Govern­ment Poli­cies

- Dr. Umed Singh

Economic Challenger - - NEWS -

Dr. Umed Singh

As­so­ciate Pro­fes­sor of Com­merce, BLJS (PG) Col­lege, Tosham (Bhi­wani) Email- drumeds­ingh­pa­hal@ya­hoo.com; M: 9416074606

IN­TRO­DUC­TION

A good aware­ness re­gard­ing po­lit­i­cal sys­tem helps to run smoothly gov­ern­men­tal ad­min­is­tra­tion in the coun­try which is help­ful to make the healthy poli­cies for the de­vel­op­ment of the coun­try. Pol­icy-mak­ing shows ast to what steps are be­ing taken by the govern­ment to get the ob­jec­tives of de­vel­op­ment and sus­tain­able growth in the coun­try. Nowa­days, po­lit­i­cal sta­bil­ity in In­dia has be­come a ma­jor is­sue due to var­i­ous kinds of gates (Rail-gate, Coal-gate, Khel-Ghot­tala, 2G Spec­trum, Adarsh Hous­ing So­ci­ety Scam, etc.) be­ing made by the politi­cians. Th­ese gates are painful for the each sec­tion (up­per, mid­dle and lower) of the so­ci­ety. Now here is the ques­tion what does the pub­lic think? And what are the changes re­quired to re­move the cor­rup­tion from po­lit­i­cal sys­tem and the so­ci­ety?

RE­VIEW OF RE­LATED LIT­ER­A­TURE

Jen­nings, (1979) tried to set a con­nec­tion be­tween life cy­cle stages and po­lit­i­cal par­tic­i­pa­tion. In this study, re­searcher em­pha­sized par­tic­i­pa­tion as a do­main-spe­cific and as be­ing re­spon­sive to chang­ing op­por­tu­nity struc­tures over the life span. It was ar­gued that the re­sults were il­lus­tra­tive of more gen­eral pro­cesses gov­ern­ing par­tic­i­pa­tion over the life cy­cle.

Rashid, et. al. (2012), made a study to un­der­stand the po­lit­i­cal at­ti­tude and ex­plain the var­i­ous de­grees of po­lit­i­cal at­ti­tudes of ru­ral youth. In this study, Bi-vari­ate anal­y­sis and mul­ti­ple re­gres­sions were ap­plied to study the vari­ables like fam­ily size, agri­cul­tural knowl­edge, age, or­ga­ni­za­tional par­tic­i­pa­tion etc. The re­searchers found that 37.9% youth were not in­volved with pol­i­tics and half of the re­spon­dents had mod­er­ate pos­i­tive at­ti­tude to­wards present pol­i­tics and it was also found that agri­cul­ture knowl­edge, or­ga­ni­za­tional par­tic­i­pa­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion ex­po­sure jointly con­trib­uted to 30.6% variation in pre­dic­tion of po­lit­i­cal at­ti­tude.

Shivhare, ex­plained the con­cept of the pub­lic opin­ion through the study en­ti­tled 'Pub­lic Opin­ion and Democ­racy'. The study found that the gov­ern­men­tal poli­cies grad­u­ally be­came the func­tion of opin­ion rather than of force, and the the­ory of pub­lic opin­ion was a de­riv­a­tive from democ­racy as a form of govern­ment

OB­JEC­TIVES OF THE STUDY

To study the level of po­lit­i­cal aware­ness,

To study the level of aware­ness re­gard­ing

gov­ern­men­tal poli­cies,

RE­SEARCH METHOD­OL­OGY

Re­search De­sign: the present study has been con­ducted to know the pub­lic aware­ness and at­ti­tude to­wards pol­i­tics and gov­ern­men­tal poli­cies. Thus, a de­scrip­tive-cum-an­a­lyt­i­cal re­search de­sign has been used in this study.

Sam­ple De­sign: two dis­tricts (Ro­htak and Bhi­wani) have been se­lected non-ran­domly for the pur­pose of the study.

Pro­ce­dure of Data Col­lec­tions :

Anal­y­sis of ev­ery re­search work is based on rel­e­vant data and it can be col­lected by two ways: by way of pri­mary data col­lec­tion and by way of sec­ondary data col­lec­tion. Pri­mary data are that data which are col­lected afresh and for the first time, and thus hap­pen to be orig­i­nal in char­ac­ter. It may be col­lected by ob­ser­va­tion, in­ter­view, and mail ques­tion­naires, through sched­ules etc. Sec­ondary data are that data which have been al­ready col­lected by some­one else and which have al­ready been passed through the sta­tis­ti­cal process. It may be col­lected from pub­lished or un­pub­lished sources.

In this re­search work, Pri­mary data re­lat­ing to se­lected vari­ables have been col­lected t hrough ques­tion­naires. To know t he re­spon­dents' level of aware­ness re­gard­ing pol­i­tics raw data were an­a­lyzed with the help of per­cent­age method. The re­sults were found that most of the peo­ple had vot­ing rights but only 58% peo­ple cast their votes at the time of elec­tion and most of the peo­ple out of th­ese made an anal­y­sis about politi­cians be­fore cast­ing their votes. 86.5% re­spon­dents in the to­tal rec­og­nized that po­lit­i­cal sta­bil­ity was the base of so­cial and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment and 91.5% rec­og­nized that our politi­cians were cor­rupt. It was also found that male re­spon­dents (89.2%) had rights to cast the vote more than fe­males (71.6%) but fe­males (78.1%) made anal­y­sis be­fore cast­ing the vote more than males. 89% fe­males and 95.3% males as­sumed that politi­cians were cor­rupt.

To study the re­spon­dents' level of aware­ness re­gard­ing govern­ment poli­cies raw data were an­a­lyzed with the help of per­cent­age method. The re­sults were found that most of the re­spon­dents (95.6%) be­lieved in demo­cratic ad­min­is­tra­tion and 74.7% peo­ple up­dated them­selves with statis­tics re­leased by the govern­ment. 68% fe­males up­dated them­selves with statis­tics but it was lower than the males (84.6%). 96.3% re­spon­dents in the to­tal rec­og­nize that gov­ern­men­tal poli­cies af­fect the gen­eral pub­lic. It was also found that a few peo­ple (11%) are happy with the cur­rent poli­cies of the govern­ment and most of the peo­ple (92%) were found in favour of rais­ing voice against the govern­ment.

Note: X1- Fe­male's level of po­lit­i­cal aware­ness,

X2- Male's level of po­lit­i­cal aware­ness,

Y1- Fe­male's level of aware­ness re­gard­ing gov­ern­men­tal poli­cies,

Y2- Male's level of aware­ness re­gard­ing gov­ern­men­tal poli­cies.

Ta­ble-3 re­vealed that the aware­ness level of fe­male and male re­spon­dents re­gard­ing poil­i­tics and gov­ern­men­tal poli­cies was not sta­tis­ti­cally sig­nif­i­cant at 5% level of sig­nif­i­cance be­cause all cal­cu­lated t-val­ues were lessor than their tab­u­lated t-val­ues (as in­di­cated byTable-3).

SOME IM­POR­TANT SUG­GES­TIONS

On the ba­sis of study and find­ings the re­searcher has made a few valu­able sug­ges­tions for im­prov­ing the po­lit­i­cal sys­tem and gov­ern­men­tal poli­cies. Good anti-cor­rup­tion rules should be for­mu­lated and strictly im­ple­mented by the govern­ment, Var­i­ous kinds of analy­ses about politi­cians should be made by the vot­ers be­fore cast­ing their votes, Pub­lic should be awak­ened by or­ga­niz­ing var­i­ous kinds of pub­lic aware­ness pro­grammes.

REF­ER­ENCES

Jen­nings, M. kent, (1979), “An­other Look at the Life Cy­cle and Po­lit­i­cal Par­tic­i­pa­tion”, Amer­i­can Jour­nal of Po­lit­i­cal Science, Vol. 23, Is­sue 4, pp, 755-771. Rashid, Md. Ma­mun-ur, Gao, Qi­jie (2012), “De­ter­mi­nants of Ru­ral Youth's At­ti­tude and In­volve­ment in Bangladesh Pol­i­tics”, In­ter­na­tional Jour­nal of Hu­man­i­ties and So­cial Science , Vol. 2, No. 23, pp.183-193. Varun, Shivhare, “Pub­lic Opin­ion and Democ­racy”, Re­trieved from: http://www.legalser­vicesin­dia.com/ar­ti­cles/demo.htm.

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