Gas-insulated 320kV switchgear for DC transmission by Siemens
At the recent Cigré conference in Paris, Siemens presented the first compact gas insulated switchgear (GIS) for high-voltage direct current applications. Within the framework of the energy transition, highvoltage direct current (HVDC) transmission is gaining in significance as it allows low-loss transmission of large amounts of electricity over long distances. The new 320kV gas-insulated switchgear uses up to 95 per cent less space compared to previous air-insulated units. When used on an offshore platform, the platform size can thus be decreased by approximately 10 per cent.
The efficient HVDC transmission technology is necessary to bring wind power generated in the North Sea to load centers in southern Germany, for example. For this, 155kV of alternating current (AC) from wind power is converted on a converter platform into 320kV of low-loss direct current (DC) and then transmitted to land via submarine cables. When transmitting electricity, the general rule is that the higher the voltage, the less power lost. Once on land, a converter station converts the direct current back into alternating current for further distribution.
The direct current switchgear that is part of the converter station currently uses air insulated technology and thus requires a large amount of space. Because of air ’s relatively low insulating capability, the individual components can only be installed with a large amount of space between them and also between them and the earth potential. The air-insulated DC switchgear that has been used on Siemens’ converter platforms until now requires about 4,000 cubic meters of space, thereby requiring halls that are from 2m to 10m high. However, space is a decisive cost factor both out at sea as well as in urban population centres.
The innovative, compact DC CS (Direct Current Compact Switchgear) has the same capacity but needs only 200 cubic meters, thereby allowing space savings of up to 95 per cent, the release said.
In addition to the small size, the newly developed switchgear has other advantages. Its module-based design makes the DC CS especially flexible and simple to set up, and enables the use of cost-efficient shipping and transportation methods. Because all current-carrying parts are fully encapsulated, the system can also be reliably installed under demanding environmental conditions, such as on the high seas or near the coast, and it does not necessarily have to be housed in a building.
Furthermore, the compact switchgear offers maximum reliability and low maintenance costs. The DC CS systems are manufactured in Siemens’ Berlin switchgear production plant.
While gas-insulated, three-phase current switchgear has been part of Siemens’ portfolio for decades, there had not been a corresponding gas-insulated technology for direct current applications to date. Since controlling an electric field under direct current is very complex, it had not been possible until now to build gas-insulated, compact DC switchgear for HVDC transmission applications. The development of a new isolator, which can permanently withstand the demands of high-voltage direct currents, made it possible to develop the first DC GIS switchgear. A pilot station based on 320kV direct-current components that simulates the connection of an offshore wind farm to the grid is currently being run through a long-term test.