the T&D sector. In this special story, we attempt to discuss some of them.
Transmission: As of December 2015, India’s total installed power capacity, including renewables, stood at around 2.84 lakh mw. Over the past five years or so, India’s power generation capacity has increased by over 50 per cent while transmission capacity has shown a growth of just around 25-30 per cent. Thus, for effective evacuation of power generated, transmission infrastructure needs to grow commensurately. India is a vast country where consumption areas are very different from generating centres. For instance, northeast houses the hydropower potential whereas eastern India is the main source of thermal power. Consumption centres, on the other hand, are north, south and western India. This calls for high-capacity transfer of electricity across very long distances. Power transmission is a land-centric activity and securing right-of-way across can prove arduous at times. It is in this context that highvoltage transmission would definitely play an important role. Today India’s power transmission infrastructure is of 765kV level as against 400kV a few years ago. Efforts are on to introduce 800kV HVDC and even 1,200kV UHVAC transmission infrastructure. In conjunction, technology like VSC and FACTS are also being deployed to reduce the right of way requirements. It is encouraging to note that government is also increasing the compensation to landowners for faster acquisition of land. All these measures, in combination, are expected to result in maximum power transfer capacity with minimum geographical footprint.
Power transmission, in the coming years, will not be limited to transferring power from Point A to Point B. With open access, the flow of electricity from source to destination has become rather unpredictable. In the coming years, it will be difficult for a power producer to predict who the buyers of electricity would be. It was traditional for a power producer to have a fixed