What leads to hor­i­zon­tal ex­pan­sion of ur­banised ar­eas?

Governance Now - - URBAN PLANNING -

Cities typ­i­cally see cost of land in­creas­ing in cen­tral ar­eas due to con­cen­tra­tion of eco­nomic ac­tiv­ity and more peo­ple seek­ing space for hous­ing and busi­nesses. The nat­u­ral re­sponse is to in­crease the al­lowed den­sity so that peo­ple can cre­ate more floor space. How­ever, in In­dian cities, the den­si­ties are capped well be­low what the mar­ket would sup­port. As a re­sult, peo­ple have to look out­ward to find space for de­vel­op­ment. This re­sults in hor­i­zon­tal ex­pan­sion of ur­ban area.

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