The fo­cal point

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What is com­monly re­ferred to as the T-zone ac­tu­ally im­plies the hor­i­zon­tal area on the fore­head and the ver­ti­cal mid­line sec­tion cov­er­ing the top of the nose as well as the chin. This zone is ex­tremely rich in se­ba­ceous or oil glands. For most peo­ple, this zone is shiny due to the se­cre­tion of se­bum from the oil glands. Peo­ple who have acne prone skin will also ex­pe­ri­ence fre­quent white and black heads, open pores and lot of ac­tive acne in this zone. Those with com­bi­na­tion skin type can feel oili­ness in the T-zone even while the rest of the face is dry. Proper skin­care and at­ten­tion to de­tails can help de­crease the shiny ap­pear­ance and also bring down the in­ci­dence of ac­tive acne and their se­que­lae (sec­ondary con­se­quence or re­sult of a patho­log­i­cal con­di­tion) in this area. • First and fore­most comes proper cleansing, which should be fol­lowed twice a day. Mostly the cleansers pre­scribed to treat an oily T-zone are mild, and in cases of ac­tive acne, sal­i­cylic acid-based cleansers are rou­tinely rec­om­mended. • Af­ter clean­ing and dry­ing the face, ton­ing with an al­co­hol free toner should be reg­u­larly prac­tised. Proper and ha­bit­ual ton­ing closes the pores and de­creases the chances of their per­ma­nent en­large­ment. • A gel based sun­screen not only forms a pro­tec­tive coat­ing, but it also helps in acne man­age­ment and de­creases the ap­pear­ance of acne marks. • Der­ma­tol­o­gists usu­ally pre­fer pre­scrib­ing a night cream or gel con­tain­ing a vitamin A de­riv­a­tive, such as tretinoin or ada­pa­lene, to de­crease the ap­pear­ance of oili­ness, white or black heads and acne. • A tea tree oil or clay mask can be used at home once a week to ad­dress this prob­lem. How­ever, if you are ex­pe­ri­enc­ing fre­quent acne erup­tions in this zone, you should consult a der­ma­tol­o­gist for a proper acne man­age­ment.

Text Dr Aruna Raghu­nathan

An oily T-zone is of­ten the bone of con­tention for women with near-per­fect skin. We nar­row down on this prob­lem area and get our ex­pert to help you out with it.

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