Diabetics should get themselves regularly evaluated on a yearly basis. Certain tests (the frequency of which will be prescribed by the diabetologist) are: Hba1c test Serum creatinine and urine microalbuminuria Fasting lipid profile Liver function tests Fundoscopic examination for retinopathy Engage in regular physical activity for at least half an hour a day. It can be brisk walking, cycling or swimming. Assign a fixed time to any activity but prioritise it. Make simple pro-health lifestyle changes. Take the staircase instead of elevators, walk down short to medium distances instead of using transportation Reduce stress levels by meditating or being involved in hobbies Get proper sleep of seven to eight hours Reduce your weight if you are obese. Even a 5% to 7% weight loss can have dramatic benefits Take care of your feet. Avoid walking barefoot and inspect them regularly for any cuts or bruises.