How de­vel­op­ers are build­ing to meet de­mand by 2022

Hindustan Times (Chandigarh) - Estates - - ESTATES - R Shobha ht­spe­cial­pro­jects@hin­dus­tan­ n The au­thor is na­tional di­rec­tor ­ project man­age­ment, Col­liers In­ter­na­tional In­dia


The con­struc­tion in­dus­try is rapidly chang­ing and new ma­te­ri­als, con­struc­tion tech­nolo­gies are be­ing in­tro­duced on a reg­u­lar ba­sis to meet the de­mand for two mil­lion homes that need to be built by 2022 to achieve the am­bi­tious goal of ‘Hous­ing for All’ across the coun­try.

As per re­alty con­sul­tancy Col­liers’ re­search re­port, to achieve such a huge ob­jec­tive, it is im­per­a­tive to adopt newer tech­nolo­gies at a much faster pace. Adop­tion of such tech­nolo­gies will not only re­duce the turn around time but also im­prove the qual­ity and dura­bil­ity of con­struc­tion and help in gen­er­at­ing more in­ter­est in af­ford­able hous­ing projects among buy­ers.

Pri­vate de­vel­op­ers are now con­tin­u­ously ex­plor­ing new tech­nolo­gies that im­prove the qual­ity, strength and safety of the build­ings.

In metro cities, a few de­vel­op­ers have started us­ing tech­nolo­gies such as self-climb­ing form­work, alu­minum shut­ter­ing, pre­cast con­crete tech­nol­ogy and dry well sys­tems. Th­ese tech­nolo­gies are not only cost-ef­fec­tive, but of­fer ad­van­tages such as min­i­mal labour force, higher earth­quake re­sis­tance, more dura­bil­ity than con­ven­tional build­ing tech­niques, higher car­pet area, smooth fin­ish on walls and lower on main­te­nance.

Al­though alu­minum shut­ter­ing tech­nol­ogy in­creases the over­all cost on con­struc­tion, it re­duces the con­struc­tion time which will al­low de­vel­op­ers to start sales ear­lier than planned. In this era, where timely de­liv­ery of the project is one of the prime con­cerns ow­ing to reg­u­la­tory re­forms, es­ca­lat­ing con­struc­tion costs and main­tain­ing strength in the struc­ture, th­ese tech­nolo­gies are gain­ing pop­u­lar­ity among de­vel­op­ers.

In con­ven­tional build­ing tech­niques, trans­porta­tion of build­ing ma­te­rial, such as bricks, wastage in ma­te­ri­als dur­ing car­riage and han­dling makes it ex­pen­sive than alu­minum shut­ter­ing tech­niques.

Pre­cast con­struc­tion tech- nique is also pop­u­lar not only among de­vel­op­ers but also with the gov­ern­ment.

In Ma­ha­rash­tra, MHADA builds af­ford­able hous­ing us­ing pre­cast tech­nique which is cost ef­fec­tive, speedy and easy to in­stall than tra­di­tional build­ing tech­niques.

In pre­cast con­crete tech­nol­ogy, build­ing com­po­nents such as col­umns, beams and slabs are cast in the factory and cured us­ing au­to­clav­ing and transported to the con­struc­tion site where th­ese com­po­nents are fixed and stacked into each other as per the lay­out de­sign.

Al­though some of th­ese con- struc­tion tech­niques are more ex­pen­sive than the con­ven­tional con­struc­tion meth­ods, they re­duce the con­struc­tion time by al­most 25-30% al­low­ing the build­ing to be used ear­lier, thereby bring­ing cost ad­van­tage to the de­vel­oper and the user.

Col­liers re­search fur­ther be­lieves that with the ris­ing de­mand for af­ford­able hous­ing in ur­ban ar­eas pol­icy re­forms such as Pub­lic Pri­vate Part­ner­ship, etc. pro­vi­sion for af­ford­able hous­ing projects and use of state-of-the-art con­struc­tion tech­niques that are likely to at­tract pri­vate de­vel­op­ers as well.

Many pri­vate de­vel­op­ers are al­ready us­ing th­ese tech­nolo­gies that pro­vide a boost to af­ford­able hous­ing and achieve the tar­get of 2 mil­lion homes by 2022

Ris­ing in­dus­trial, res­i­den­tial and com­mer­cial growth is driv­ing the de­mand for faster con­struc­tion and world class qual­ity. It has be­come im­per­a­tive to use newer prod­ucts and tech­nolo­gies to meet this in­creas­ing de­mand. Con­struc­tion in­dus­try in In­dia is at the cusp of dis­rup­tive change with new ma­te­ri­als, build­ing tech­nol­ogy, soft­ware, digi­ti­sa­tion and ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence chang­ing the way we con­cep­tu­alise, build and use our build­ings.


In metro cities, a few de­vel­op­ers have started us­ing tech­nolo­gies such as self­climb­ing form­work, alu­minum shut­ter­ing, pre­cast con­crete tech­nol­ogy and dry well sys­tems.

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