Working moms take more pain about family matters
Thinking about family matters throughout the day is associated with increased stress and negative emotions in mothers more than dads, a new study has revealed.
Study author Shira Offer in the department of Sociology and Anthropology at Bar-Ilan University in Israel said that the reason behind such trend is that because mothers bear the major responsibility for childcare and family life. When they think about family matters, they tend to think about the less pleasant aspects of it.
The study, which focuses on mental labour, used a subsample from the 500 Family Study, consisting of 402 mothers and 291 fathers in dual- earner families who completed a survey and a time diary that collects information about the content and context of individuals’ daily experiences, as well as the emotions associated with them, in the course of a week.
Offer found that working mothers engaged in mental labour in about one fourth, and working fathers in one fifth, of their waking time. This amounts to approximately 29 and 24 hours per week of mental labour for moms and dads, respectively. Mothers and fathers both spent about 30% of the time they were engaged in mental labour thinking about family matters. As for why, engaging in familyspecific mental labour negatively affected the wellbeing of mothers, but not fathers.
The sodium chloride did not contaminate or otherwise affect the reaction, researchers said. Scaling reactions such as this up to larger commercial levels should be feasible, they said.
The study also created, for the first time with this process, nanoporous composite materials of silicon and germanium. These could have wide applications in semiconductors, thermoelectric materials and electrochemical energy devices.