SAVE YOUR SMILE FROM TOBACCO
Smoking and periodontal disease - what's the connection? Surprising as it may sound, many smokers need to be made more aware of the dangers of tobacco use. In fact, just 29 percent of smokers say they believe themselves to be at an above-average risk for heart attack compared with their nonsmoking peers, according to a study published by the Journal of the American Medical Association in March of 1999. Obviously, while information about the medical problems associated with smoking - such as lung disease, cancer, heart disease and low-birth-weight infants - is widely available, many smokers do not know of the harmful effects of smoking on teeth and gums. If you are a smoker who is concerned about the effects smoking can have on your dental health, here is the information. Periodontal disease OR gum disease is a very common problem, which most people will suffer from at some point in their lives. Although dental hygiene is a must in order to avoid periodontal disease, there are some factors that increase the risk. Among these is smoking. Some studies suggest that the risk of developing periodontal disease is up to 11 times higher for smokers than for non-smokers. But why is it so? Smoking and your gums: One reason that smoking is a risk factor for developing periodontal disease is that nicotine makes the blood vessels in the gum tissue constrict, which reduces the amount of oxygen in the area. Without oxygen for the cells, the body's ability to defend itself against bacterial infection is reduced. Makes periodontal disease ' invisible' Another tricky thing about smoking a n d periodontal disease is that the effect of nicotine can make the gum disease 'invisible'. T h e constriction of the blood vessels results in less bleeding from the gums. Since bleeding gums are normally an indicator for periodontal disease, the disease might not be discovered as easily. It is therefore vital that your dentist makes a thorough examination of your gums and measures your gingival pockets regularly in order to get an exact idea of your periodontal status. Other kinds of smoking: The impact of cigar, pipe and waterpipe smoking is largely the same as that of cigarette smoking. Passive smoking is also thought to increase the risk of periodontal disease, although not by as much as 'active' smoking. Effect on treatment prognosis. Apart from being a risk factor for developing periodontal disease, smoking also negatively affects the prognosis of treating periodontal disease. Because of the effect of the nicotine, the gum tissues do not heal as well for smoker as for non-smokers. Many dentists and dental hygienists will therefore offer advice on how to quit smoking as part of their treatment plan for periodontal disease. Other Oral Problems: Researches also have found that the following problems occur more often in people who use tobacco products: Oral cance,Bad breath, Stained teeth, Tooth loss,Bone loss,Loss of taste,Less success with periodontal treatment,Less success with dental implants,Gum recession,Mouth sores,Facial wrinkling, staining and discolouration of teeth, black gums Dr Anshu Gupta ( MDS PGI) at 98551-23234 OR contact at # 20 ( F/F), Sec. 18 A, opp 18 D Market, Chd.