The Congress has been in power for most of the time in the hill state.
The party formed the government for the first time with 27 legislators in 1952 when there was territorial council. YS Parmar was the first chief minister. Parmar led the government with 45 legislators in 1963 and again when the Vidhan Sabha was constituted that year.
The Congress was back in power in 1967 and 1977. Thakur Ram Lal led the Congress back to power in 1980 but in 1983, the Congress high command sent Virbhadra Singh, a Union minister, to take charge in the state. His winning streak continued till 1989. He was checkmated by Shanta Kumar but the government did not last its term. Virbhadra ruled the state from 1993-98. The Congress rode on the anti-incumbency factor to return to power in 2012. But this time Virbhadra remained busy fighting corruption cases and governance took a beating. The cases and deteriorating law and order gave the opposition ammunition.