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BUQUERQUE I am fi­nal-year BTech (elec­tri­cal and com­mu­ni­ca­tion en­gi­neer­ing) stu­dent. Af­ter De­cem­ber, I will start my six-month train­ing but I do not know whether to choose an in­sti­tute or in­dus­try for train­ing. I don’t know which is bet­ter for my fu­ture. Should I opt for elec­tron­ics or com­mu­ni­ca­tion for train­ing?

—KS There is a vast scope in the area of elec­tron­ics and com­mu­ni­ca­tions. In­dia is amongst the fastest grow­ing tele­com mar­kets, which has been adding over nine mil­lion new sub­scribers each month in the im­me­di­ate past. This cre­ates a strong op­por­tu­nity space for elec­tron­ics and telecom­mu­ni­ca­tion engi­neers. In­dia is emerg­ing as a world class VLSI/em­bed­ded sys­tems hub. Elec­tron­ics and com­mu­ni­ca­tion engi­neers of a high cal­i­bre can find jobs with en­try level pack- ages of R3.5 lakh to R4 lakh per an­num (with added spe­cial­i­sa­tion in a large num­ber of multi­na­tional cor­po­ra­tions op­er­at­ing in In­dia).

Many elec­tron­ics and com­mu­ni­ca­tion engi­neers can get jobs in government or­gan­i­sa­tions like MTNL and BSNL, NPL, All In­dia Ra­dio, posts and tele­graph de­part­ment, the rail­ways, De­fence Re­search and Devel­op­ment Or­gan­i­sa­tion and in civil avi­a­tion, among many oth­ers.

There are many pri­vate com­pa­nies in In­dia which of­fer ex­cel­lent ca­reer op­por­tu­ni­ties for grad­u­ates (BTech) in elec­tron­ics and com­mu­ni­ca­tions. The com­mu­ni­ca­tion, me­dia and en­ter­tain­ment in­dus­try is the big­gest em­ployer of elec­tron­ics and com­mu­ni­ca­tion engi­neers. In In­dia, the me­dia in­dus­try and com­mu­ni­ca­tion sec­tor has grown rapidly af­ter pri­vati­sa­tion and there are many pri­vate firms, in­clud­ing some multi­na­tional giants like Voda­fone, Star net­work etc who pro­vide good ca­reer op­por­tu­ni­ties for th­ese engi­neers.

Elec­tron­ics and com­mu­ni­ca­tion engi­neers can find jobs in the power sec­tor, hard­ware man­u­fac­tur­ing, elec­tronic goods and home ap­pli­ances com­pa­nies, as well as in re­search and devel­op­ment or­gan­i­sa­tions.

Is CIMA bet­ter?

I am a first-year BCom stu­dent. I have planned for an MBA abroad. Mean­while, I am think­ing of pur­su­ing a CIMA course. Is it a bet­ter op­tion or are there bet­ter cour­ses re­lated to my field?

—Sameer Mi­tra You should se­lect a stream on the ba­sis of your in­ter­est and ap­ti­tude. The Char­tered In­sti­tute of Man­age­ment Ac­coun­tants (CIMA) is a lead­ing mem­ber­ship body that of­fers an in­ter­na­tion­ally recog­nised pro­fes­sional qual­i­fi­ca­tion in man­age­ment ac­coun­tancy, which fo­cuses on ac­count­ing for busi­ness. CIMA grad­u­ates are in good de­mand in In­dia in large busi­ness houses/com­pa­nies. The cour­ses of­fered are CIMA pro­fes­sional qual­i­fi­ca­tion; CIMA cer­tifi­cate in busi­ness ac­count­ing and CIMA ad­vanced di­ploma in man­age­ment ac­count­ing.

The MBA in fi­nance or mar­ket­ing spe­cial­i­sa­tion, too, is a suit­able higher study op­tion for com­merce grad­u­ates. Much also de­pends on the field of work you wish to pur­sue af­ter grad­u­a­tion be­cause there are many spe­cialised ar­eas of work in busi­ness- and com­merce-re­lated fields and you need to iden­tify your par­tic­u­lar in­ter­est and abil­ity to pur­sue any one field of ac­tiv­ity.

Apart from this, the master of fi­nan­cial con­trol (MFC) course can be con­sid­ered. This course of­fers ex­cel­lent ca­reer op­por­tu­ni­ties in cor­po­rate fi­nance, in­vest­ment anal­y­sis and port­fo­lio man­age­ment, fi­nan­cial ser­vices, in­ter­na­tional fi­nance, eq­uity re­search, trea­sury man­age­ment, in­surance, mu­tual funds and re­lated ar­eas.

Other suit­able higher study op­tions are char­tered ac­coun­tancy, cost and works ac­coun­tancy and com­pany sec­re­tary­ship. Other av­enues for com­merce grad­u­ates are e-com­merce, com­puter ap­pli­ca­tions, busi­ness fi­nance, mul­ti­me­dia, tourism man­age­ment, bank man­age­ment, hospi­tal ad­min­is­tra­tion, trade and ser­vices, etc at the post­grad­u­ate level.

Di­ploma in com­put­erised fi­nan­cial ac­count­ing us­ing tally is an­other op­tion for com­merce grad­u­ates to en­ter the ac­count­ing pro­fes­sion. E-com­merce is an emerg­ing area, which is best suited for com­merce grad­u­ates with ba­sic pro­gram­ming knowl­edge and a sound un­der­stand­ing of busi­ness trans­ac­tions.

If you are plan­ning to do an MBA abroad, do keep in mind that most b-schools abroad re­quire at least two years of rel­e­vant work ex­pe­ri­ence for ad­mis­sion.

How to crack NEET

How should I pre­pare for NEET 2013 be­cause I am do­ing a course in biotech­nol- From 2013, as­pir­ing doc­tors will have to ap­pear for one test for ad­mis­sion to med­i­cal col­leges across the coun­try - the Na­tional Eli­gi­bil­i­tycum-En­trance Test (NEET).

The pa­per pen­cil test, pro­posed to be con­ducted on May 5, 2013, will have 180 ob­jec­tive type ques­tions, 45 each from physics, chem­istry, botany and zo­ol­ogy based on the syl­labus no­ti­fied by the Med­i­cal Coun­cil of In­dia (MCI). There will be 1/4th neg­a­tive mark­ing in the three-hour test. As the exam is be­ing con­ducted by Cen­tral Board of Sec­ondary Ed­u­ca­tion, you must read the NCERT text­books thor­oughly. Learn time man­age­ment by writ­ing mock tests and you can also go through the pre­vi­ous years’ AIPMT pa­pers. Visit mci­i­in­ and for more de­tails.

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