Are sav­ing banks and mon­i­tor­ing drunk driv­ers

HIGH ON IDEAS IIT-Delhi was the venue of a con­test on innovations that sim­plify day-to-day life

Hindustan Times (Delhi) - HT Education - - Front Page - Rozelle Laha

Ideas, ideas and more ideas. For stu­dents of tech­ni­cal in­sti­tutes across the coun­try, it was a race to come up with the most in­no­va­tive ways to sim­plify day-to-day life.

Stu­dents had to come up with innovations in cloud com­put­ing, hu­man-ma­chine in­ter­face, and the In­ter­net of Things as a part of the re­cently held Eric­s­son In­no­va­tion Awards In­dia 2016 at In­dian In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy Delhi. Three win­ning teams will get fi­nan­cial sup­port of ₹ 13 lakh each to in­cu­bate their projects.“The three win­ners will be pro­vided fi­nan­cial sup­port of ₹ 13 lakh each to­wards in­cu­ba­tion of the win­ning projects.The stu­dents need to in­cu­bate their projects at IIT ap­proved tech­nol­ogy busi­ness in­cu­ba­tors. They will be men­tored by Eric­s­son dur­ing the in­cu­ba­tion phase. The patents for their in­no­va­tion re­main with the stu­dents,” says Paolo Colella, head of re­gion In­dia, Eric­s­son.

Let’s take a look at what the win­ners did. MAK­ING SE­CU­RITY SUR­VEIL­LANCE SAFE AND CHEAP Stu­dents from the Birla In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy and Sci­ence (BITS) Pi­lani de­signed a de­vice for se­cure, pri­vate, cheap and ef­fi­cient se­cu­rity checks at var­i­ous places in­clud­ing banks, de­fence ar­eas and other high se­cu­rity ar­eas.

Chan­dradeo Arya, one of the team mem­bers said, “Cur­rently ap­plied sys­tems based on face, finger­prints, iris recog­ni­tion have cer­tain lim­i­ta­tions. In fin­ger­print sys­tems, for in­stance, you have less pri­vacy of data and your fin­ger­print can be re-de­vel­oped and used to gain ac­cess to your sys­tem. Sim­i­larly, face recog­ni­tion re­quires good light­ing con­di­tion, and iris based sys­tems are too costly.” Arya had seen how a Mi­crosoft Kinect sen­sor tracked a per­son’s move­ments and re­alised its po­ten­tial to track and recog­nise move­ment, body fea­tures like the height and length of dif­fer­ent body joints. So he, with friends Anuj Bansal and Hon­ney Goyal cre­ated a pro­to­type us­ing the Mi­crosoft Kinect sen­sor that can en­able se­cu­rity sur­veil­lance by recog­nis­ing a per­son based on their way of walk­ing, length of body joints, en­abling a bet­ter and ro­bust sys­tem with full pri­vacy and se­cu­rity.

The only cost in­volved in cre­at­ing this pro­to­type was the price of the Mi­crosoft Kinect sen­sor, which was ₹ 10,000. “The fi­nal prod­uct will be cheaper and more ac­cu­rate. We need to im­prove its cor­rect­ness by im­prov­ing the al­go­rithm cur­rently be­ing used. We also need to make a cus­tomised in­frared sen­sor for bet­ter track­ing,” says Arya. COM­MU­NI­CAT­ING AT SPEED OF LIGHT Now, if you are un­able to view the sta­tus of your train on the rail­way in­for­ma­tion dis­play LCD board, don’t panic. The light from LED bulbs around you at the rail­way sta­tion will help you trans­mit all the data on the dis­play board to your smart­phone or lap­top. All you need to do is plug a USB don­gle to your elec­tronic de­vice, if you are within a range of four me­tres from the near­est ceil­ing light bulb.

Four third year stu­dents of the In­dian In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy Bom­bay have de­signed an in­for­ma­tion broad­cast­ing de­vice (termed bea­con) that al­lows you to trans­mit in­for­ma­tion on the near­est dig­i­tal dis­play boards to your smart­phones and lap­top us­ing vis­i­ble light.

Not just a rail­way sta­tion, the stu­dents aim to set up this tech­nol­ogy at pub­lic spa­ces such as shop­ping com­plexes, mu­se­ums, auto-ex­pos where there is a need for in­door nav­i­ga­tion and lo­calised in­for­ma­tion broad­cast.

This is how it works – Ev­ery LED bulb will have an elec­tronic mod­ule, con­tain­ing the in­for­ma­tion, at­tached to it. Users can ac­cess all the in­for­ma­tion on their lap­top or smart­phones, by plug­ging in a USB don­gle in their hand­held de­vices. In­for­ma­tion is ba­si­cally en­coded in the sub­tle changes of light in­ten­sity which the hu­man eye can­not per­ceive. So what one gets is an il­lu­mi­na­tion de­vice (LED bulb) which dou­bles up as in­for­ma­tion broad­caster.

Dheeraj Ko­ta­giri, Rishabh Gupta, Samb­hav Jain and Nithin Mu­rali de­signed a pro­to­type of both the trans­mit­ter to be con­nected to the LED bulbs and the USB don­gle that can re­ceive the in­for­ma­tion be­ing broad­cast with the help of light around it.

“The aim of our project is to help solve the prob­lem of In­door Nav­i­ga­tion and lo­cal- ised in­for­ma­tion broad­cast­ing us­ing a dis­rup­tive com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nol­ogy known as vis­ual light com­mu­ni­ca­tion. We found many ben­e­fits of this over con­ven­tional RF based tech­nolo­gies such as blue­tooth and wifi. Due to larger avail­able band­width in the vis­i­ble spec­trum, higher data rates and user ca­pac­ity can be achieved. Also it’s more se­cure and cost ef­fec­tive,” says Ko­ta­giri.

The most im­por­tant as­pect of this project is that any LED bulb can be con­verted into a bea­con by con­nect­ing trans­mit­ter mod­ule to it which opens us to nearly lim­it­less op­por­tu­ni­ties.

Ac­cord­ing to the es­ti­mates, the cost of the fi­nal prod­uct will be ₹ 500 for the trans­mit­ter LED bulbs. “We in­tend to form a start-up in the field of in­door nav­i­ga­tion and lo­ca­tion based lo­calised in­for­ma­tion broad­cast­ing in the near fu­ture as we see a huge busi­ness op­por­tu­nity in this field.” IIT BHU STU­DENT IN­NO­VA­TION TO HELP RE­DUCE ROAD AC­CI­DENT DEATHS A ‘smart hel­met’ de­signed by four In­dian In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy, Ba­naras Hindu Univer­sity stu­dents can help keep drunk driv­ers off the road. It’s in­te­grated with the two-wheeler and once worn by the rider, it analy­ses whether he/she has an al­low­able al­co­hol breath level for rid­ing the ve­hi­cle. In case of an ac­ci­dent, the hel­met will help send the vic­tim’s lo­ca­tion to the am­bu­lance, in­form fam­ily mem­bers and also con­nect to a cloud server that will of­fer him/ her the nec­es­sary med­i­cal help im­me­di­ately.

“This hel­met will not only keep the riders safe but also pedes­tri­ans who might oth­er­wise be­come vic­tims of drunk driver. “The fea­tures of our prod­uct will help re­as­sure par­ents that their chil­dren are be­ing mon­i­tored when they take two-wheel­ers out on roads,” says Na­man Sing­hal, one of the team mem­bers.

The hel­met is unique to the two- wheeler as the ve­hi­cle can­not be started with­out it, mak­ing it theft-proof says the team, com­pris­ing Shub­ham Jaiswal, Rishabh Ba­be­ley, Deven­dra Gupta and Jag­jeet Shyamkun­war.

This hel­met, named ‘saviour’ by the team will be sold through the chan­nel of show­rooms in Delhi, to start with. Psy­chol­ogy is the study of hu­man be­hav­iour. Sci­en­tific prin­ci­ples and the­o­ries are ap­plied to prob­lems con­cern­ing peo­ple in var­i­ous spheres of ac­tiv­ity. Sports is one field where psy­cho­log­i­cal coun­selling has helped mo­ti­vate sportsper­sons rise to op­ti­mum lev­els where their tal­ent is con­cerned. Be­ing good at a com­pet­i­tive sport in­volves not just your in­di­vid­ual tal­ent or your phys­i­cal fit­ness, but also re­quires you to have an un­der­stand­ing of yours and your op­po­nent’s strengths and weak­nesses.

Psy­cho­log­i­cal fac­tors and your state of mind play a big part in how you per­form. It is, there­fore, im­por­tant to un­der­stand the psy­cho­log­i­cal forces that im­pact sportsper­sons, whether pos­i­tively or neg­a­tively, and the mag­ni­tude of pres­sure that could ei­ther make or break them.

Sports psy­chol­o­gists are trained to un­der­stand the driv­ing fac­tors that im­pact sports per­for­mance, and so pro­vide the psy­cho­log­i­cal as­sis­tance that a sportsper­son re­quires to han­dle past chal­lenges and detri­ments and strive for newer heights of suc­cess. To­day, many top sportsper­sons like Roger Fed­erer, Le­an­der Paes, Saina Ne­hwal and oth­ers have ben­e­fit­ted from the coun­selling of sports psy­chol­o­gists.

You can take up a master’s pro­gramme in sports psy­chol­ogy af­ter a BA in psy­chol­ogy. MA in sports psy­chol­ogy is of­fered in sev­eral coun­tries abroad and some lim­ited uni­ver­si­ties in In­dia. With this qual­i­fi­ca­tion, you can work as a sports psy­chol­o­gist with sport­ing teams, or sports as­so­ci­a­tions. You can han­dle psy­cho­log­i­cal test­ing and as­sess­ments, and also take up fur­ther study or re­search in this field. BEd is a post­grad­u­ate aca­demic de­gree which pre­pares stu­dents to work as teach­ers in schools. A stu­dent with a bach­e­lor’s de­gree in any sub­ject, from a recog­nised univer­sity, whether full-time or through dis­tance learn­ing, can opt for a BEd course. You re­quire at least 50% ei­ther in bach­e­lor’s or in the master’s in sci­ence, so­cial sci­ence or hu­man­i­ties. A bach­e­lor’s de­gree in en­gi­neer­ing or tech­nol­ogy with spe­cial­i­sa­tion in sci­ence and math­e­mat­ics with 55% marks or any other qual­i­fi­ca­tion equiv­a­lent thereto, also qual­ify for ad­mis­sion to the pro­gramme.

The writ­ten en­trance test is of three hours du­ra­tion. It con­sists of three sec­tions of mul­ti­ple choice ques­tions. Sec­tion A will have ques­tions based on un­der­stand­ing and ap­pli­ca­tion of con­cepts in sci­ence, so­cial sci­ences and math­e­mat­ics up to sec­ondary level. Sec­tion B will have ques­tions to as­sess rea­son­ing and prob­lem-solv­ing abil­ity; ba­sic nu­mer­i­cal un­der­stand­ing to an­a­lyse and in­ter­pret data, and other such think­ing-based ap­plica­tive ques­tions. Sec­tion C is the lan­guage pro­fi­ciency test that will as­sess com­pre­hen­sion abil­ity in both English and Hindi. Here are some tips to help you pre­pare for the en­trance test -

For gen­eral knowl­edge, you can start fol­low­ing the daily news

For the lan­guage tests re­fer to ba­sic English/ Hindi books, browse through the top­ics men­tioned and try at­tempt­ing ex­er­cises re­lated to each topic

De­velop a habit of read­ing English news­pa­pers on a reg­u­lar ba­sis. This will help im­prove your vo­cab­u­lary

Try learn­ing new words on a daily ba­sis.

Four In­dian In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy (Ba­naras Hindu Univer­sity) stu­dents have de­signed a ‘smart hel­met’ that can help keep drunk driv­ers off the road.

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