Aus­tralia, New Zealand: be­gin­ning of a love af­fair

TOP PICK From 40,130 in July 2013 to 60,835 in July 2015, In­dian stu­dent num­bers for Aus­tralia are on the rise. New Zealand too is not far be­hind

Hindustan Times (Delhi) - HT Education - - Front Page - Gauri Kohli

Aus­tralia has been step­ping up ef­forts to at­tract in­ter­na­tional stu­dents, in­clud­ing In­di­ans, and re­tain­ing global tal­ent among lead­ing study des­ti­na­tions such as the US, UK and Canada. Re­search data by overseas ed­u­ca­tion ex­perts sug­gests that Aus­tralia has gone through var­i­ous phases of growth and in­no­va­tion to re­main com­pet­i­tive in at­tract­ing in­ter­na­tional stu­dents.

Both Aus­tralia and New Zealand con­tinue to strengthen their po­si­tion as the top choice for In­dian stu­dents out­side of North Amer­ica. Aus­tralia is the sec­ond- favourite choice for In­dian stu­dents af­ter the US, says the In­dian Stu­dents Mo­bil­ity - Latest Trends from In­dia and Glob­ally: MMA (2016) re­port. OZ POP­U­LAR AMONG IN­DI­ANS Ac­cord­ing to the Aus­tralian Govern­ment’s Depart­ment of Ed­u­ca­tion and Train­ing, as of July 2016, there are 67,279 In­dian stu­dents study­ing in t he coun­try. The num­bers have in­creased in the last few years from 40,130 (July 2013), to 50,709 (July 2014) and 60,835 (July 2015). Aus­tralia has ce­mented its po­si­tion as the num­ber two des­ti­na­tion coun­try now. Both th­ese mar­kets (Aus­tralia and New Zealand) con­tin­ued with their strong growth that kicked off in 2014. In­dian stu­dent num­bers grew by 15%, and in New Zealand it was more than 20% since 2014.

“In both cases, th­ese growth rates from In­dia are higher than their over­all in­ter­na­tional stu­dent growth rates. Aus­traliaNew Zealand has emerged as a strong op­tion for In­dian stu­dents in the past 10 years,” says the stu­dents’ mo­bil­ity re­port.

There was a time – be­tween 2008 and 2010 – when the num­ber of In­dian stu­dents go­ing to Aus­tralia ex­ceeded those opt­ing for the US. One of the rea­sons is their PG cour­ses be­ing at­trac­tive for In­dian stu­dents. “As many as 40,561 out of 67,279 stu­dents from In­dia as of July 2016 are en­rolled in post­grad­u­ate pro­grammes in the coun­try. The most pop­u­lar cour­ses for In­dian stu­dents are in the field of man­age­ment and com­merce; food, hos­pi­tal­ity and per­sonal ser­vices; en­gi­neer­ing and re­lated tech­nolo­gies; and, in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy,” says an Aus­tralian govern­ment spokesper­son.

Fi­nanc­ing too has be­come easy be­cause of schol­ar­ships. Aus­tralia Awards are in­ter­na­tional schol­ar­ships and fel­low­ships funded by the Aus­tralian govern­ment to un­der­take study, re­search and pro­fes­sional de­vel­op­ment. In­ter na­tional Po stg rad­u­ate Re­search Schol­ar­ships en­able stu­dents to pur­sue a post­grad­u­ate re­search qual­i­fi­ca­tion in the coun­try and gain ex­pe­ri­ence with lead­ing Aus­tralian re­searchers. The 2017 En­deav­our Mo­bil­ity Grants, and En­deav­our Schol­ar­ships and Fel­low­ships have also been an­nounced re­cently.

The Aus­tralian govern­ment is also keen that In­dian stu­dents join pro­grammes in ar­chae­ol­ogy, earth and ma­rine sci­ences, min­eral and min­ing en­gi­neer­ing, en­vi­ron­men­tal sci­ences, nur­sing, phar­macy and phar­ma­col­ogy, and vet­eri­nary sci­ence, among oth­ers. There are plans to get more In­di­ans into tech­nol­ogy, dig­i­tal, ro­bot­ics, me­dia and en­ter­tain­ment, sci­en­tific re­search, health, fu­ture ma­te­ri­als and sports man­age­ment, says the Aus­tralian govern­ment spokesper­son.

Aus­tralia has 40 lo­cal uni­ver­si­ties, a num­ber of spe­cial­ist ter­tiary in­sti­tu­tions, and more than a 100 ed­u­ca­tion cen­tres ac­cred­ited by the govern­ment to de­liver spe­cific cour­ses. Across the dif­fer­ent univer­sity rank­ing sys­tems, cri­te­ria and fields of study, Aus­tralian uni­ver­si­ties rank high for the qual­ity of their ed­u­ca­tion, stu­dent sat­is­fac­tion ratings, and over­all global rep­u­ta­tion.

“Aus­tralian uni­ver­si­ties are listed in the Top 100 uni­ver­si­ties i n t he Shang­hai Jiao Tong Aca­demic Rank­ing of World Uni­ver­si­ties and the Times Higher Ed­u­ca­tion World Univer­sity Rank­ings. As per the latest QS Rank­ings, seven Aus­tralian uni­ver­si­ties are among the top 100 in the world, in­clud­ing Aus­tralian Na­tional Univer­sity, which is ranked the 19 top univer­sity in the world. There are eight Aus­tralian uni­ver­si­ties among the world’s top 50 high­est per­form­ing young uni­ver­si­ties,” says the spokesper­son. WHAT’S UNIQUE ABOUT NEW ZEALAND? In 2015, New Zealand wel­comed more than 29,000 In­dian stu­dents. The coun­try boasts of im­pres­sive aca­demic fa­cil­i­ties, wide range of cur­ricu­lum, and pas­toral care for stu­dents.

John Laxon, Mid­dle East and act­ing South Asia re­gional di­rec­tor at Ed­u­ca­tion New Zealand, says, “New Zealand has an in­ter­na­tion­ally recog­nised ter­tiary ed­u­ca­tion sys­tem. It is the only coun­try to have all of its uni­ver­si­ties ranked in the top 3% of the world (QS World Univer­sity Rank­ings 2015).

They are lead­ers in par­tic­u­lar fields – Otago Univer­sity’s den­tistry pro­gramme is ranked ahead of Har­vard, Columbia and the Univer­sity of Mel­bourne. Like­wise, Massey Univer­sity’s Vet­eri­nary Sci­ence pro­gramme is 15th in the world, also ahead of other pres­ti­gious uni­ver­si­ties.

Of the ap­prox­i­mately 1,400 In­dian stu­dents en­rolled in New Zealand uni­ver­si­ties in 2015, the big­gest group of 43% stu­dents – is at the hon­ours and mas­ter’s lev­els. About 20% schol­ars are also study­ing at the PhD level, sources said. In Aus­tralia, post-study work ar range­ments are cov­ered un­der the Tem­po­rary Graduate visa (subclass 485). It has two streams: the graduate work stream and t he post- study work stream. The graduate work stream is the same as the Skilled Graduate visa (subclass 485). The post-study work stream of­fers ex­tended op­tions for work­ing in Aus­tralia to el­i­gi­ble grad­u­ates with a higher ed­u­ca­tion de­gree. Un­der this stream, suc­cess­ful ap­pli­cants are granted a visa of two, three or four year du­ra­tion, de­pend­ing on the high­est ed­u­ca­tional qual­i­fi­ca­tion they have ob­tained. If you in­tend to study in Aus­tralia, you will need to ap­ply for the stu­dent visa (subclass 500).

You can ap­ply for the fol­low­ing types of study on this visa: English Lan­guage In­ten­sive Cour­ses for Overseas Stu­dents, school – pri­mary or sec­ondary, sec­ondary school ex­change pro­gramme; vo­ca­tional ed­u­ca­tion and train­ing (VET) cour­ses – a reg­is­tered VET course or a reg­is­tered course for the award of an ad­vanced diploma; higher ed­u­ca­tion cour­ses – a bach­e­lor or as­so­ciate de­gree, a graduate cer­tifi­cate or graduate diploma; a mas­ter’s de­gree by course­work or a higher ed­u­ca­tion diploma or ad­vanced diploma; post­grad­u­ate re­search de­grees – a mas­ter’s de­gree by re­search or a doc­toral de­gree; non-award foun­da­tion stud­ies cour­ses or com­po­nents of a course that do not lead to an award and stu­dents spon­sored by the Depart­ment of For­eign Af­fairs or Trade or the Depart­ment of De­fence.

The New Zealand gov­ern- ment, in 2013, in­tro­duced a pack­age of ini­tia­tives to en­cour­age growth in New Zealand’s in­ter­na­tional ed­u­ca­tion sec­tor. Un­der th­ese, el­i­gi­ble stu­dents are al­lowed to work dur­ing all their sched­uled course breaks (rather than just sum­mer), and doc­toral and re­search mas­ter’s stu­dents are able to work full­time. Work­ing while study­ing al­lows stu­dents to gain in­valu­able in­dus­try ex­pe­ri­ence be­fore they graduate, pre­par­ing them for the job mar­ket.

El­i­gi­ble in­ter­na­tional stu­dents have the op­por­tu­nity to ap­ply for a 12-month job search visa af­ter com­plet­ing their course in New Zealand (ap­pli­ca­ble for cer­tain level of cour­ses only) and get some in­ter­na­tional work ex­pe­ri­ence.

There are other im­por­tant ben­e­fits to peo­ple study­ing for a PhD in New Zealand. In­ter­na­tional stu­dents pay do­mes­tic fees rather than in­ter­na­tional fees. Their spouse or part­ner is el­i­gi­ble for an open work per­mit valid for the du­ra­tion of the PhD. De­pen­dent chil­dren of an in­ter­na­tional PhD stu­dent re­ceive the same school­ing ben­e­fits as New Zealand per­ma­nent res­i­dents un­til their fi­nal year of high school, and no tu­ition fees are charged in New Zealand’s state schools.

IS­TOCK

As many as 40,561 out of 67,279 stu­dents from In­dia as of July 2016 are en­rolled in post­grad­u­ate pro­grammes in Aus­tralia. Seen here, stu­dents in Mel­bourne.

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