Light rain likely today but pollution may shoot up again, cautions Met
NEWDELHI: Delhi is likely to receive a drizzle on Wednesday, which might help in temporarily bringing down the pollution level of the city to some extent .
Experts, however, fear that the air quality is likely to become fouler after the rain but was unlikely to hit the ‘severe’ level.
The rain will also ensure that moisture level in the city’s air builds up again. The high moisture content would trap the local pollutants hindering their dispersal process.
This could help the pollution level to shoot up again from Thursday.
The Indian Meteorological Department has forecasted some shallow fog and mist in the morning till Saturday.
“There can be a rise in pollution levels after the rain. This is because the moisture level will increase which will help trap pollutants,” said D Saha head of the air quality l aboratory of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).
Scientists said that fog and aerosol hazes likely amplify each other and form a vicious cycle. “On one hand aerosol – a kind of pollutant – serves as ‘seeds’ that make it easier for fog to form, on the other hand the moisture droplets in the fog acts like small ‘chemical factories’ that help gaseous pollutants to graduate into haze causing aerosols,” said SN Tripathi, coordinator of the Centre for Environmental Science & Engineering at IIT Kanpur.
Experts said that the rate of dispersal of pollutants depends much on the type of rain.
“Heavy rain with large and high velocity rain drops is able to clear pollutants more effectively than a drizzle with smaller water particles falling at a lower speed,” said Dilip Ganguly, assistant professor at Centre for Atmospheric Sciences in Iit-delhi.
Usually rains wash away the particulate matter. But there are some particulate matters, whose size varies between 0.1 micron and 1 micron. They are not cleaned and linger even after heavy rains. They are hydrophobic and tend to bounce away whenever a rain drop hits them.
This phenomenon, experts say, is known as Green Field Gap.
“Not all types of rain is effective. Longer durations of drizzle are more effective that short lived heavy showers,” said Abhijit Chatterjee, assistant professor of environmental sciences section at Bose Institute in Kolkata. Larger droplets means higher chances of water hitting particulate matter and reducing pollution
High-velocity rain will capture more pollutants
Some pollutants are friendly with water and get easily attached. When rain falls, they are washed away first Smaller rain droplets might miss particles and fail to bring down pollutants
Low-velocity rain drops might get deflected by winds and may not be effective
Some particles are scared of water and tend to bounce out of the way when water falls. They linger after a shower