There are an estimated 15 crore denotified tribes according to the 2018 Idate Commission Report. Denotified tribes have been surveyed in all 36 states and union territories for the first time. Comprising 12 per cent of India’s population, they have never been included in a census since 1931, and there is no official estimate of how many have been able to procure voter id cards.
The Election Commission of India is the only official body that has been working and modifying its rules to accommodate those without identity cards and permanent addresses to enable universal and inclusive franchise.
Fragmentation of the tribes is seen as the reason for their not being a vote bank with the ability to swing the vote.
Maharashtra and Gujarat are the only two states in India where the ECI officials make special efforts to include denotified tribes in electoral rolls.
The right to vote is not a fundamental right, and denotified tribes have no mode of redress currently.