A coun­try di­vided

Hindustan Times (Gurgaon) - - World -

May 1990 North and South Ye­men unite un­der charis­matic leader Ali Ab­dal­lah Saleh

April 1993 Coali­tion govern­ment made up of rul­ing par­ties of for­mer north and south formed

Au­gust 1993 Vice Pres­i­dent Ali Salim al-Baid with­draws to Aden, al­leges south be­ing marginalised

May-June 1994 Saleh de­clares state of emer­gency, dis­misses al-Baid and other south­ern govern­ment mem­bers. Northern forces cap­ture Aden June-Septem­ber 2004

Govern­ment troops bat­tle Shia in­sur­gency led by Hus­sein al-Houthi in the north Jan­uary-March 2007 Clashes be­tween se­cu­rity forces and al-Houthi rebels in the north Novem­ber 2009 Saudi Arabia re­gains con­trol of northern ter­ri­tory seized by rebels

Fe­bru­ary 2010 Govern­ment signs ceasefire with Houthis, which breaks down in De­cem­ber

Novem­ber 2011 Saleh agrees to hand over power to his deputy, Ab­drab­buh Man­sour Hadi

Au­gust 2014 Hadi sacks his cabi­net fol­low­ing two weeks of anti-govern­ment protests in which Houthi rebels are in­volved

Septem­ber 2014 Houthi rebels take con­trol of the most of cap­i­tal Sanaa Jan­uary-Fe­bru­ary 2015

Houthis re­ject pro­posaed draft con­sti­tu­tion and ap­point pres­i­den­tial coun­cil to re­place Hadi, who flees to Aden Septem­ber 2015 Hadi re­turns to Aden af­ter Saudi-backed forces re­cap­ture the port city

April 2016 Start of UNspon­sored talks be­tween the govern­ment on one side and Houthis and Saleh on the other. The talks even­tu­ally break down

De­cem­ber 2017 Saleh is re­ported killed af­ter fierce fight­ing in the cap­i­tal Sanaa, months af­ter rift with Houthis

Jan­uary 2018 Gun bat­tle be­tween UAE-backed sep­a­ratists — who want an in­de­pen­dent South Ye­men — and Saudibacked forces, who fought the Houthis to­gether. Sep­a­ratists take con­trol of Aden — con­fin­ing the in­ter­na­tion­ally recog­nised govern­ment of Hadi to the pres­i­den­tial palace

REUTERS

Ye­meni sep­a­ratists with a tank in the port city of Aden on Tuesday.

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