People with diabetes should get themselves regularly evaluated on a yearly basis. Certain recommended tests (the frequency of which will be prescribed by the diabetologist) are: Hba1c test Serum creatinine and urine microalbuminuria Fasting lipid profile Liver function tests Fundoscopic examination for retinopathy Make simple pro-health lifestyle changes. For example, take the staircase instead of elevators, walk down short to medium distances instead of using transportation Reduce stress levels by meditating or being involved in hobbies Get proper sleep of seven to eight hours Reduce your weight if you are obese. Take care of your feet. Avoid walking barefoot and inspect them regularly bruises.