What moderates your consumption of seafood? This new survey suggests the demography matters
According to a recent research conducted at the University of Columbia, coastal Indigenous people eat on average 15 times more seafood per person than non-Indigenous people in the same country.
In the first global-scale analysis of its kind, the study estimated that coastal Indigenous people consume 74 kilograms of seafood per capita, compared to the global average of 19 kilograms.
“This global database shows the scale and significance of seafood consumption by Indigenous people,” said lead author Andres Ci sn eros Monte mayor.
Adding, “For Indigenous people who are not recognized at the state level, this type of resource helps quantify the resources they depend on.”
The authors collected observed data and worked with local researchers to build a database of more than 1,900 communities who altogether consume 2.1 million metric tonnes of seafood per year. The communities studied include recognized Indigenous groups, self-identified minority groups, and small island developing states.
These groups all share similar histories of marginalization and deep social and cultural connections to marine environments.
"Having access to a global database that quantifies fish consumption specifically by coastal Indigenous peoples is a critical contribution to Indigenous struggle on a number of fronts," said expert Sherry Pictou.
The ocean provides a vital source of food and economic security for these communities, while also shaping their cultural heritage and spiritual values for millennia.
"For a lot of these communities, the practice of fishing forms a link to their culture that defines them as a people. It's not just about eating fish, it's about maintaining an identity as a distinct culture," said co-author Yoshitaka Ota.
The study estimated that coastal Indigenous people consume 74 kilograms of seafood per capita, compared to the global average of 19 kilograms
Assortment of seafoods that are available in coastal region